Athena Itonia: Geography and Meaning of an Ancient Greek War GoddessGerald V. Lalonde offers the first comprehensive history of the martial cult of Athena Itonia, from its origins in Greek prehistory to its demise in the Roman imperial age. The Itonian goddess appears first among the Thessalians and eventually as the patron deity of their famed cavalry. Archaic poets attest to "Athena, warrior goddess" and her festival games at the Itoneion near Boiotian Koroneia. The cult also came south to Athens, probably with the mounted Thessalian allies of Peisistratos. Hellenistic decrees from Amorgos tell of elaborate festival sacrifices to Athena Itonia, likely supplications for protection of the islanders and their maritime trade when piracy plagued the Cyclades after collapse of the Greek naval forces that policed the Aegean Sea. This will be an indispensable volume for all interested in the social, political, and military uses of ancient Greek religious cult and the geography, chronology, and circumstances of its propagation among Greek
poleis and federations.
Gerald V. Lalonde, Ph.D (1971), University of Washington, is Benedict Professor Emeritus of Classics at Grinnell College. His scholarship in Athenian epigraphy, topography, and religion includes
The Athenian Agora XIX (1991) with M. K. Langdon and M. B. Walbank, and
Horos Dios (Brill 2006).
Acknowledgements List of Maps and Illustrations List of Abbreviations
Thessaly 1 The Thessalian Precedence of Athena Itonia
2 The Military Character of Athena Itonia in Thessaly
3 The Itonian Cult in the Political and Military Traditions of Thessaly
4 The Geography and Archaeology of the Thessalian Cult of Athena Itonia
Boiotia 1 Introduction
2 Source, Chronology, and Circumstances of the Establishment of the Itonian Cult in Boiotia
3 The Question of Identification of the Itonian Sanctuary Near Koroneia
4 Relation of Other Boiotian Sanctuaries of Athena to the Itoneion Near Koroneia
5 The Character of Boiotian Athena Itonia and her Cult
7 Functions of the Boiotian Itoneion
Athens 1 Introduction
2 The Epigraphic Evidence
3 Location of the Sanctuary of Athena Itonia at Athens
4 Origins of The Itonian Cult at Athens: Chronology and Circumstances
Amorgos 1 Introduction
2 The Source of the Itonian Cult on Amorgos
3 Archons for the Itonia
4 Functions of the Honored Archons
5 Rituals of the Itonia on Amorgos
6 Archontic Monetary Contributions and the Finance of the Itonia
7 Honors for the Archons for the Itonia
8 Itonian Sanctuary and Festival: Were They Shared by Arkesine and Minoa?
9 Facilities Related to the Itonian Festival
10 Prosopography and Wealth of Archons for the Itonia
11 The Character of Athena Itonia in the Amorgian Cult
Appendix: Athena Itonia Indigenous to Athens? Illustrations Bibliography Index of Passages Cited Index of Inscriptions Cited Index of Important Greek Words Index of Subjects
Anyone interested in the social, political, and military uses of the ancient Greek religious cult of Athena Itonia and the geography, chronology, and circumstances of its propagation among Greek poleis and federations.