Habsburg England

Politics and Religion in the Reign of Philip I (1554–1558)


In Habsburg England, Gonzalo Velasco Berenguer offers a reassessment of the much-maligned joint rulership of Philip I of England (Philip II of Spain) with his second wife, Mary I. Traditionally portrayed as an anomaly in English history, previous assessments of the regime saw in it nothing but a record of backwardness and oppression.
Using fresh archival material, and paying full attention to the levels of integration and collaboration of Spain and England in the political and religious domains, Velasco Berenguer explores Philip’s role as king of England, looks at the complexities of the reign in their own terms and concludes that during this brief but highly significant period, England became an integral part of the Spanish Monarchy.

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Gonzalo Velasco Berenguer, Ph.D. (2017, University of Bristol) is a Lecturer in Global Medieval and Early Modern History at that university. He has published articles on early modern England, Spain and Catholicism for the English Historical Review and the Sixteenth Century Journal.
List of Figures and Tables
Note on the Text

Family Trees

Introduction: A Reasonable Regret?

1 Monarchia universalis: England and Spanish Imperial Ideology
 1.1 Mary’s Accession and the Centrality of Community
 1.2 Monarchia universalis in the Spanish Context
 1.3 England, the Community, and Their Place in the Spanish Monarchy
 1.4 The Offices of the Realm, Foreigners and the Spanish Historical Experience
 1.5 Conclusion

2 Resistance and Reception: Rebellion, Religion, and the Coming of the Spaniards
 2.1 The Fourfold Rebellion of 1554
 2.2 Rebellion and Religion
 2.3 Anglo-Spanish Conflict and Enmity
 2.4 The Anglo-Spanish Commission of Justice
 2.5 Conclusion

3 In Such Good Concord: The Anglo-Spanish Court of Philip I
 3.1 Conceptualisations and Representations of Philip as King of England
 3.2 Courtly Life and Diplomacy
 3.3 King Philip’s Pension System
 3.4 The Reconciliation of Dissenters
 3.5 The Select Council
 3.6 Conclusion

4 Rebuilding the Church: Philip, the Spaniards and the Reconciliation with Rome
 4.1 Negotiating Ecclesiastical Property
 4.2 The Reconciliation with Rome
 4.3 Aiding in the Reconstruction of the Church: Spanish Theologians in England
 4.4 Conclusion

5 A Communion of the Faithful: Anglo-Spanish Theological Concerns
 5.1 Justification
 5.2 The Eucharist
 5.3 Papal Primacy
 5.4 Conclusion

6 Obedience to God and Prince: Religious Prosecutions in England and Spain
 6.1 Heresy: An Infection of the Body of Christ and a Rebellion against the Prince
 6.2 Punishing Heresy in English and Spanish Intellectual and Theological Thought
 6.3 Anglo-Spanish Heresies
 6.4 Conclusion

Conclusion: Bound to Each Other
Appendix: King Philip's Address to Parliament (1554)
All interested in the history of early modern England and Spain, the Reformations and early modern imperial history. Keywords: Tudor England, early modern England, early modern Spain, early modern Catholicism, Spanish Empire, imperial history.
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