Islam in South Asia

Revised, Enlarged and Updated Second Edition


Islam in South Asia: Revised, Enlarged and Updated Second Edition traces the roots and development of Muslim presence in South Asia. Trajectories of normative notions of state-building and the management of diversity are elaborated in four clusters, augmented by topical subjects in excursuses and annexes offering an array of Muslim voices. The enormous time span from 650 to 2019 provides for a comprehensive and plural canvas of the religious self-presentation of South Asian Muslims. Making use of the latest academic works and historical materials, including first-hand accounts ranging from official statements to poetry, Malik convincingly argues that these texts provide sufficient evidence to arrive at an interpretation of quite a different character. With major and substantial revisions, changes, abridgements and additions follow the academic literature produced during the last decades.

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Jamal Malik, Ph.D. (1989), Heidelberg, and post-doctoral qualification (1994), Bamberg, is Chair of Muslim Cultural and Religious History at Erfurt University. He has published extensively on Muslims in South Asia and Europe, including Sufism East and West (Brill 2019).
List of Illustrations


Part 1: Early Muslim Expansion & Cultural Encounter

1 Muslim Expansion: Trade, Military & the Quest for Political Authority in South Asia (Approx. 700–1300)
 Excursus: Historiography & Sources
 Annex: al-Baladhuri, al-Biruni

2 Muslim Space & Religious Specialists (Approx. 1000–1300s)
 Annex: ʿAli Kufi, al-Hujwiri, Ganj-e Shakar

Part 2: The Establishment of Muslim Empires: Between Islamic & Islamicate

3 Slaves, Sultans & Dynasties (Approx. 1000–1400)
 Excursus: Shiʿis
 Annex: Nizam al-Din Awliya‌ʾ, al-Barani, Chiragh-e Dehli, Amir Khusraw

4 Muslim Heterogeneity: Margins Becoming Centres of Muslim Power (Approx. 1300–1500)
 Excursus: Caste
 Annex: Hamadani, Maneri, Chakki-nama & Charkha-nama, al-Maʿbari

5 Cultural Integration towards a Politics of Universal Dominion: The Mughals (Approx. 1450–1650)
 Excursus: Conversion & Mission
 Annex: Gulbadan, ʿAbd al-Hakim, Dabistan-e Madhahib, Badayuni, Dara Shikoh, Sirhindi

6 From Universal Dominion to Principalities (Approx. 1650–1800)
 Annex: Zeb al-Nisa, Wali Allah, ʿAbd al-Latif, Bullhe Shah

Part 3: Territorial States & Colonial Rule: Accommodation & Differentiation of Muslim Cultures

7 Regional States, National Markets & European Expansion (Approx. 1700–1800)
 Excursus: Islamic Endowments
 Annex: Shahr-e ashob

8 Cultural Encounter, Reciprocities & Muslim Responses (Approx. 1750–1870)
 Annex: Lalon Shah, Shah ʿAbd al-ʿAziz, Shah Ghulam ʿAli

9 From Appropriation to Collision & Colonial Stabilisation (Approx. 1820–1900)
 Excursus: The Language Issue—Urdu
 Annex: Risala & fatwa 1857; Ghalib, Shahr-e ashob 1857

10 Institutionalisation of Muslim Communities & the Quest for a New Islamicity (Approx. 1860–1900)
 Excursus: Gender
 Annex: Altaf Hussain “Hali”, Sayyid Ahmad Khan, Shibli Nuʿmani

11 Colonial Reforms, the Khilafat Movement & Muslim Nationalism (ca. 1900–1947)
 Excursus: Communalism
 Annex: Fatwa-ye Hijrat 1920, Nazrul Islam, Rahmat ʿAli, Rashid Jahan

Part 4: Negotiating Muslim Pluralism & Singularity

12 The Muslim Public Divided (Approx. 1930–1960s)
 Annex: Madani, Abu al-Kalam Azad, Mawdudi, Naqi Naqwi

13 The Integration of Nation-State & Secession (Approx. 1947–1990s)
 Excursus: Islamic Fundamentalism, Political Islam & Post-Islamism
 Annex: Bhashani, I.H. Qureshi, Abdul Gafur Hali

14 From the Pulpit to the Parade Ground & Religious Violence (Approx. 1970–2018)
 Annex: Benazir Bhutto, Asma Jahangir, Fahmida Riaz, Ghamidi

15 Indian Muslims or Muslim Indians? (Approx. 1947–2018)
 Excursus: The Social Structure of Muslims in India
 Annex: Wahiduddin Khan, Hilal Ahmed, Rakhshanda Jalil, Zoya Hasan





Index of Names

Index of Places, Rivers & Regions

Index of Keywords
All those interested in cultural and social history of Muslim South Asia, in the history of religions, as well as social scientists, social and cultural anthropologists, theologians and Indologists.
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