Young Chinese Migrants: Compressed Individual and Global Condition

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In China, strong economic growth over the past four decades, accelerated urbanisation and multiple inequalities between urban and rural worlds have driven the escalation of internal and international migrations. The internal migration of workers represents a unique phenomenon since the reform and opening of China. Less-qualified young migrants are living in subaltern conditions and young migrant graduates have strongly internalised the idea of being the "heroes" of the new Chinese society in a context of emotional capitalism. But internal and international migrations intersect and intertwine, young internal and international migrants from China produce economic cosmopolitanisms in Chinese society and through top-down, bottom-up and intermediary globalisation. The young Chinese migrant incarnates the Global Individual, what we labeled here as the Compressed Individual.

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Laurence Roulleau-Berger, Ph.D. and Habilitation in Sociology, is Research Director at CNRS (France), ENS Lyon, Triangle. She has published numerous articles and more than twenty books, including Post-Western Revolution in Sociology (Brill, 2016), Travail et migration. Jeunesses chinoises à Shanghai et Paris, with Yan Jun (L’Aube, 2017), Post-Western Sociology. From China to Europe, co-edited wiht Li Peilin, (Routledge, 2018)
Preface

Acknowledgements

List of Figures, Maps and Tables

Introduction: Young Chinese Migrants, the Compressed Individual and Global Condition
 1 Compressed Modernity, Time and Space

 2 Chinese Experience and Young Migrants
 2.1 Chinese Experience and Internal Migration

 2.2 Chinese Migration and Transnationalism

 3 Work and “Emotional Capitalism”

 4 Compressed Individual and Inequalities

 5 Compressed Modernity, Subpolitics and Collective Action


1Chinese Young Migrants, Subalternity and the Compressed Individual
 1 New Urban Boundaries and Migratory Ordeals in China

 2 Young Migrants and Urban Segregation

 3 Labour and Subalternity

 4 Employment and Social Discrimination

 5 Floating Labour, Hegemonic Labour Regimes and Emotions

 6 Social Conflicts, Collective Action and Dormitory Regimes

 7 Multi-Compressed Modernity and Mobility

 8 Compressed mobilities and Subalternity
 8.1 Strong Subalternity

 8.2 Integrative subalternity

 8.3 Weak Subalternity


2The Fabric of “Heroes” and Emotional Capitalism
 1 Young Migrant Graduates and Employment

 2 Compressed Modernities and Migratory Careers
 2.1 Disaffiliative Mobility and Weak Integration

 2.2 Affiliative Mobility and Strong Integration

 2.3 “Alternative” Mobility and the Distancing of Compressed Modernity

 3 Moral Economies and the Compressed Individual

 4 “Being a Hero” and Restricted Autonomy

 5 Guanxi and Professional Relationships

 6 Socialist Heritage, Compressed Modernities and Work

 7 Compressed Modernity and Resistance to Emotional Capitalism


3Young Chinese Migrants, Economic Cosmopolitanism and Globalisation
 1 Young Chinese Migrants and Local Cosmopolitanisms

 2 Compressed society, migration and the digital economy

 3 Retail Traders, Entrepreneurs and Workers

 4 Inter-Ethnic Relations, Muslim Solidarity and Discrimination

 5 Transmigration and Economic Assemblages


4Young Chinese Migrants and World Society
 1 Work, Employment and Young Chinese Graduates in Europe

 2 Ethnic Niches, Violence and Suffering

 3 Chinese Economic Elites and the Cosmopolitan Spirit

 4 Discrimination, Racism and Skills

 5 Ethnic Enclaves and Multiple Affiliations


5The Compressed Individual and Polygamic Biographies
 1 Social Networks, Spatial Capital and Migratory Circulations

 2 Compressed Individual and Family Governmentality

 3 Polygamic Biographies and the Translation of Resources

 4 Multi-Compressed Modernity and the Spiral of Downward Mobility

 5 Ownership, Maintenance and Loss of Self

 6 Compressed Individual, Re-migration in China and to China


Conclusion

Bibliography

Index

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