Alongside annals, chronicles were the main genre of historical writing in the Middle Ages. Their significance as sources for the study of medieval history and culture is today widely recognised not only by historians, but also by students of medieval literature and linguistics and by art historians. The series The Medieval Chronicle aims to provide a representative survey of the on-going research in the field of chronicle studies, illustrated by examples from specific chronicles from a wide variety of countries, periods and cultural backgrounds.
There are several reasons why the chronicle is particularly suited as the topic of a yearbook. In the first place there is its ubiquity: all over Europe and throughout the Middle Ages chronicles were written, both in Latin and in the vernacular, and not only in Europe but also in the countries neighbouring on it, like those of the Arabic world. Secondly, all chronicles raise such questions as by whom, for whom, or for what purpose were they written, how do they reconstruct the past, what determined the choice of verse or prose, or what kind of literary influences are discernable in them. Finally, many chronicles have been beautifully illuminated, and the relation between text and image leads to a wholly different set of questions.
The Medieval Chronicle is published in cooperation with the Medieval Chronicle Society (medievalchronicle.org).
Erik Kooper received both his MA and Ph.D. degrees from Utrecht University, where he taught Old and Middle English until his retirement in 2007. Since then he has regularly taught courses and given guest lectures both at his own university, the Nijmegen Radboud University, and abroad. His recent publications include an edition of four Middle English romances for the American TEAMS series (2006), an edition of the Middle English poem Arthur (2011), and several articles, such as one identifying a previously unnoticed Latin Prose Brut manuscript (2016).
Sjoerd Levelt is Senior Research Associate of the project The Literary Heritage of Anglo-Dutch Contacts, c.1050–1600 at the University of Bristol. He studied Dutch and English Medieval Studies in Amsterdam, Berkeley and Oxford, received his Ph.D. in Combined Historical Studies at the Warburg Institute, and previously taught at the Universities of Exeter and Sussex and Bilkent University (Ankara). He is a fellow of the Royal Historical Society and was awarded the Society for Renaissance Studies Book Prize 2012.
Preface Abbreviations Notes on Contributors
The imperium in Alfonso X’s Historiography Inés Fernández-Ordóñez
Autorité spirituelle et pouvoir royal chez Wace: pour une relecture du Roman de Rou Cristian Bratu
Remarks on the Use of Numbers by Medieval Chroniclers in Battle Narratives Pierre Courroux
‘Du commencement du monde depuis que Dieu ot fait ciel et terre’: Une chronique universelle en français composée à Valenciennes sous le règne de Philippe le Bel Isabelle Guyot-Bachy
Paroemiae to SS Boris and Gleb: Complementarity of Chronicles and Liturgical Canon in the Creation of the Image of the First Russian Saints Victoria Legkikh
Translatio Imperii, translatio linguarum? On Medieval Universal Chronicles Produced around the Holy Roman Empire Mariana Leite
Between Authorship and Anonymity: The Case of the Venetian Chronicles Șerban V. Marin
Rethinking the Chronicle: Modern Genre Theory Applied to Medieval Historiography Ramunė Markevičiūtė
Richard II’s Rejection of Counsel in the Westminster Chronicle and Thomas Walsingham’s Chronica Maiora Henry F.T. Marsh
Constructing Political Time: Temporal Structures of Meaning in the Old Swedish Chronicles Prosaiska krönikan and Lilla rimkrönikan Margaretha Nordquist
The Textual Tradition of Bar ʿEbroyo’s Chronography and its Continuations: First Soundings Simone I.M. Pratelli
2000 Cows and 4000 Pigs at One Sitting: Was the Gesta Francorum Written to be Performed in Latin? Carol Sweetenham
Bloodless Turks and Sanguine Crusaders: William of Malmesbury’s Use of Vegetius in His Account of Urban II’s Sermon at Clermont James Titterton
Review: Bertrand Boysset, Chronique. Éd. et présentée par P. Gautier-Dalché, Marie-Rose Bonnet et Philippe Rigaud Isabelle Guyot-Bachy
Review: Livia Visser-Fuchs, History as Pastime. Jean de Wavrin and His Collection of Chronicles of England Antoine Brix
All papers included will be both of interest and accessible to scholars from any disciplinary background who share a common interest in the medieval chronicle, or more generally medieval historiography.