Mudejarismo and Moorish Revival in Europe

Cultural Negotiations and Artistic Translations in the Middle Ages and 19th-century Historicism


Volume Editor:
Mudejarismo and Moorish Revival in Europe examines key aspects related to the reception of Ibero-Islamic architecture in medieval Iberia and 19th-century Europe. It challenges prevalent readings of architecture and interiors whose creation was the result of cultural encounters. As Mudéjar and neo-Moorish architecture are closely connected to the Islamic world, concepts of identity, nationalism, religious and ethnic belonging, as well as Orientalism and Islamoscepticism significantly shaped the way in which they have been perceived over time. This volume offers art historical and socio-cultural analysis of selected case studies from Spain to Russia and opens the door to a better understanding of interconnected cultural and artistic phenomena.
Contributors are (in order of appearance) Francine Giese, Ariane Varela Braga, Michael A. Conrad, Katrin Kaufmann, Sarah Keller, Elena Paulino Montero, Luis Araus Ballesteros, Ekaterina Savinova, Christian Schweizer, Alejandro Jiménez Hernández and Laura Álvarez Acosta.

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Francine Giese, Ph.D. (2004) and habilitation (2015), University of Bern, is director of Vitrocentre and Vitromusée Romont. From 2014-2019 she held a SNSF professorship at the Institute of Art History of the University of Zurich, where she led the research project Mudejarismo and Moorish Revival in Europe.
List of Figures
Notes on Contributors

Introduction: Towards a Comprehensive Understanding of Interconnected Realities
  Francine Giese

PART 1 Between Fascination and Conflict

1 Where Does Mudéjar Architecture Belong?
  Francine Giese

2 When Warriors Become Teachers
Alfonso x’s Cultural Endeavors and the Crusade Ideology
  Michael A. Conrad

3 “Ennobling Muslims and Jews”? The Instrumentalization of Mudéjar under the House of Trastámara 1369–1474
  Michael A. Conrad

4 Reassessing the Moorish Revival in 19th- Century Europe
  Francine Giese

Agents and Networks

5 “Oh, You Seeker of Knowledge! This is Its Gate Opened Wide...” The Transcultural Networks of Patrons, Artists, Scholars, Writers and Diplomats Between Medieval Iberia and North Africa in the 14th Century
  Michael A. Conrad

6 Beyond Kings and Sultans
Vertical Diffusion and the Patrons of Urban Palaces in 14th-Century Toledo
  Michael A. Conrad

7 Spanish Intellectuals of the 19th Century and Their Role for Knowledge Exchange Across Europe
  Christian M. Schweizer

8 Mentors, Patrons and Social Networks
The Trajectories of Architects in a Globalized Century
  Francine Giese

9 Il Gusto Moresco
Amateurs and Artists in Florence and Rome during the Second Half of the 19th Century
  Ariane Varela Braga

Artisans and Architects as Protagonists of Transcultural Exchange and Artistic Transfer

10 An Interconnected World
Mudéjar Artisans and the Aristocracy in 15th-Century Castile
  Luis Araus Ballesteros

11 Reproducing the Alhambra
Monument Conservators and Artisans in Granada
  Francine Giese and Alejandro Jiménez Hernández

12 Learning from Casts and Models
Schools and Academies in 19th-Century Europe and the Specific Case of the Alhambra Collection in St. Petersburg
  Katrin Kaufmann, Ekaterina Savinova and Ariane Varela Braga

Artistic Translations between Imagination, Politics and Ideology

13 The Limits of Otherness
Decoding the Entangled Heritage of Medieval Iberia
  Francine Giese and Sarah Keller

14 Political Ruptures and Artistic Continuities
Pedro I, Enrique II and the First Trastámara Architecture in Context
  Elena Paulino Montero

15 Oriental Carpets a
nd Gothic Windows
Stained Glass in Neo-Moorish Architecture
  Sarah Keller

16 The Alhambra as a Historicist Matrix for Museum Displays
  Francine Giese and Ariane Varela Braga

17 Stylistic Eclecticism and Its Oriental Languages Alhambrismo in St. Petersburg
  Katrin Kaufmann

Transmitting Islamic Aesthetics Across Centuries

Architectural Transformation

18 The Fortune of the Court of the Lions and the Court of the Dolls
Artistic Translations and Processes of Decontextualization
  Francine Giese and Ariane Varela Braga

19 Domes Reinvented
 Changing Meanings and Artistic Translations of Ibero-Islamic Rib and Muqarnas Vaults
  Francine Giese

20 The Hybridization of Sebka Ornament
  Francine Giese and Ariane Varela Braga


21 Revisiting the Alhambra
Transmediality and Transmateriality in 19th-Century Italy
  Ariane Varela Braga

22 Neo-Moorish Ceilings
On the Models and Materiality of Russian Alhambrismo
  Katrin Kaufmann

23 Illuminating Transennae – A Technical Reinterpretation
  Sarah Keller


24 An Endangered Heritage
Mudéjar and Neo-Moorish Architecture in 20th-Century Europe
  Francine Giese and Laura Álvarez Acosta


1 Catalogue of 19th-Century Alhambra Casts and Models at the Scientific-Research Museum of the Russian Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg
  Ekaterina Savinova


All interested in Islamic art and architecture, al-Andalus, transcultural exchanges and transfer processes, medieval architecture in Spain and 19th-century architecture and interior design in Europe.
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