Corruption in Higher Education

Global Challenges and Responses


The lack of academic integrity combined with the prevalence of fraud and other forms of unethical behavior are problems that higher education faces in both developing and developed countries, at mass and elite universities, and at public and private institutions. While academic misconduct is not new, massification, internationalization, privatization, digitalization, and commercialization have placed ethical challenges higher on the agenda for many universities. Corruption in academia is particularly unfortunate, not only because the high social regard that universities have traditionally enjoyed, but also because students—young people in critical formative years—spend a significant amount of time in universities. How they experience corruption while enrolled might influence their later personal and professional behavior, the future of their country, and much more. Further, the corruption of the research enterprise is especially serious for the future of science. The contributors to Corruption in Higher Education: Global Challenges and Responses bring a range of perspectives to this critical topic.

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Elena Denisova-Schmidt is a Research Associate at the University of St.Gallen (HSG), Switzerland and a Research Fellow at the Center for International Higher Education, Boston College.
List of Figures and Tables
Notes on Contributors

Introduction: Corruption in Higher Education: Global Challenges and Responses
Elena Denisova-Schmidt

PART 1: Focus on Students

1 Student Attitudes and Experience with Academic Corruption in the Khabarovsk Region of Russia
Anna Solovyeva
2 Endemic Corruption in Higher Education: Lessons from Ukraine
Elena Denisova-Schmidt and Yaroslav Prytula
3 Differences in Understanding Academic Integrity: A Lithuanian Case
Diana Karanauskienė, Vida Janina Česnaitienė, Brigita Miežienė and Arūnas Emeljanovas
4 Cheating and Plagiarism in Armenia: Why Not?
Ani Hovhannisyan
5 International Collaboration in Higher Education Key to Curb Essay Mills
Gilbert Nakweya

PART 2: Focus on Faculty

6 Our Predatory Conference Problem
James McCrostie
7 Why Blacklists Matter
Ivan Sterligov
8 Rigging of Academic Positions in the Most Democratic Country in the World
Jan Petter Myklebust
9 Nepotism in American Universities Starts Resembling Ukraine
Ararat L. Osipian
10 Conflict of Interest in Eastern Europe: Academic Capture
Mihaylo Milovanovitch, Elena Denisova-Schmidt and Arevik Anapiosyan

PART 3: Focus on Universities, Agents, and Other Stakeholders

11 Corruption: A Key Challenge to Internationalization
Philip G. Altbach
12 Ethical Concerns on the Use of Agents in International Student Recruitment
Elena Denisova-Schmidt, Hans de Wit and Xiaofeng Wan
13 Trump University: Crime and Settlement
Ararat L. Osipian
14 Bearing False Witness: Selling Lies in Support of the Fraudulent Credential Industry
George D. Gollin
15 Detecting Fake University Degrees in a Digital World
Linda J. Børresen, Einar Meier and Stig Arne Skjerven

PART 4: Focus on Countries

16 Analyzing the Culture of Corruption in Indian Higher Education
Nidhi S. Sabharwal and William G. Tierney
17 Toxic Academic Culture in East Asia: An Update
Rui Yang
18 Informality and (Lack of) State Legitimacy in Ukraine: A View from the Higher Educational Sector
Abel Polese, Tetyana Stepurko and Jeremy Morris
19 Corrupt at All Levels? Indonesian Higher Education and the Problem of Corruption
Agustian Sutrisno
20 The Scourge of Fraud and Corruption in Higher Education
Goolam Mohamedbhai

PART 5: Focus on Remedies

21 Academic Dishonesty: A Symptom, Not a Problem
Mihaylo Milovanovitch
22 How to Stop the Growing Tide of Student Dishonesty in Russia?
Igor Chirikov and Evgeniia Shmeleva
23 Cheating among Students: Remedies and Measures
Elena Denisova-Schmidt
24 The Unified State Exam in Russia
Elena Denisova-Schmidt and Elvira Leontyeva
25 Combatting Academic Corruption: Quality Assurance and Accreditation Moving Forward
Judith S. Eaton

PART 6: Conclusion

26 Challenges to Eradicating Academic Corruption: Concluding Thoughts
Liz Reisberg

All interested in higher education, corruption, and education research.
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