Brussels 1900 Vienna

Networks in Literature, Visual and Performing Arts, and other Cultural Practices


This co-edited volume offers new insights into the complex relations between Brussels and Vienna in the turn-of-the-century period (1880-1930). Through archival research and critical methods of cultural transfer as a network, it contributes to the study of Modernism in all its complexity.
Seventeen chapters analyse the interconnections between new developments in literature (Verhaeren, Musil, Zweig), drama (Maeterlinck, Schnitzler, Hofmannsthal), visual arts (Minne, Khnopff, Masereel, Child Art), architecture (Hoffmann, Van de Velde), music (Schönberg, Ysaÿe, Kreisler, Kolisch), as well as psychoanalysis (Varendonck, Anna Freud) and café culture. Austrian and Belgian artists played a crucial role within the complex, rich, and conflictual international networks of people, practices, institutions, and metropoles in an era of political, social and technological change and intense internationalization.

Contributors: Sylvie Arlaud, Norbert Bachleitner, Anke Bosse, Megan Brandow-Faller, Alexander Carpenter, Piet Defraeye, Clément Dessy, Aniel Guxholli, Birgit Lang, Helga Mitterbauer, Chris Reyns-Chikuma, Silvia Ritz, Hubert Roland, Inga Rossi-Schrimpf, Sigurd Paul Scheichl, Guillaume Tardif, Hans Vandevoorde.

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Piet Defraeye, Ph.D. (1994, University of Toronto), Professor Performance Studies (U of Alberta). Publishes on contemporary performance (including Handke and Jeliniek) and directs for the stage. His current research project is on the figure of Patrice Lumumba in cultural discourse.

Helga Mitterbauer, Ph.D. (2000, University of Graz), professor of German literature at the Université libre de Bruxelles who has published monographs, volumes, and articles on German/Austrian literature, including Crossing Central Europe (co-ed., 2017).

Chris Reyns-Chikuma, Ph.D. (2000, University of Colorado), is a Professor of French Cultural Studies at the University of Alberta (Canada). He has published a book on Neo-japonisme, edited another one on Glénat and written over 50 articles, recently mostly on comics cultures.
List of Figures and Tables
Note on Contributors

Brussels 1900 Vienna: Cultural Transfers 1880–1930
  Piet Defraeye, Helga Mitterbauer and Chris Reyns-Chikuma

Staging Modernisms

1 The Power of Retheatricalization and Depersonalization
Maurice Maeterlinck and Hugo von Hofmannsthal
  Anke Bosse

2 Viennese Theatre Critics on Viennese Maeterlinck Productions
  Sigurd Paul Scheichl

3 Arthur Schnitzler and Theatre in Belgium: 1900–1930
  Piet Defraeye


4 Literary Exchanges from Vienna to Brussels 1880–1920
  Hubert Roland

5 Stefan Zweig as a Mediator and Translator of Emile Verhaeren’s Poetry
  Norbert Bachleitner

6 Concepts of Exoticism in Brussels and Vienna around 1900
  Szilvia Ritz

7 Parallel Campaigns of Cultural Renewal
Art Nouveau, Robert Musil, and The Man Without Qualities
  Aniel Guxholli


8 Belgian Artists and the Secessionist Battle for Modern Art
  Inga Rossi-Schrimpf

9 Another Modernity? Viennese Art Criticism and the Reception of Belgian Arts and Architecture around 1900
  Sylvie Arlaud

10 Fernand Khnopff, a Painter Columnist in the Viennese Press
A London–Vienna Connection via Brussels
  Clément Dessy

11 Kinderkunst between Vienna and Brussels 1900
Child Art, Primitivism, and Patronage
  Megan Brandow-Faller

12 Between Brussels and Vienna
Frans Masereel’s Transnational Wordless Narratives
  Chris Reyns-Chikuma


13 Arnold Schoenberg, La Jeune Belgique, and the Dialectics of (Viennese) Modernism
  Alexander Carpenter

14 Parallels and Intervals
Violinists Intersecting with Modernity
  Guillaume Tardif

Café and Psyche

15 About Well-Lit Hullaballoos and Suffocating Air
Senses in the Brussels and Viennese Cafés at the Fin-de-Siècle
  Hans Vandevoorde

16 Psychoanalysts Through Translation? Julien (Johan) Varendonck (1879–1924) —— Anna Freud (1895–1982)
  Birgit Lang


Anyone interested in the history of European cultures around 1900, and particularly of cultural transfers and networks between Belgium and Austria.
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