Emperors and Emperorship in Late Antiquity

Images and Narratives


What are the interrelationships between the language of rhetoric and the code of imperial images, from Constantine to Theodosius? How are imperial images shaped by the fact that they were produced and promoted at the behest of the emperor? Nine contributors from Spain, Italy, the U.K. and the Netherlands will guide the reader about these issues by analyzing how imperial power was articulated and manipulated by means of literary strategies and iconographic programmes. The authors scrutinize representations from Constantine to Julian and from the Valentinians to Theodosius by considering material culture and texts as interconnected sources that engaged with and reacted to each other.

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María Pilar García Ruiz is Reader in Classics at the University of Navarra, Spain. She specializes in late antique literature, focusing in particular on Ammianus’ Res Gestae, the Panegyrici Latini collection and the emperor Julian’s writings.
Alberto J. Quiroga Puertas is Lecturer in Ancient Greek at the University of Granada, Spain. His research interests lie primarily in late antique literature and rhetoric, topics about which he has published several papers and books.

Contributors are: Diederik Burgersdijk, María Victoria Escribano, María Pilar García Ruiz, Fabio Guidetti, Alberto J. Quiroga Puertas , Álvaro Sánchez-Ostiz, Daniëlle Slootjes, Ignazio Tantillo, José B. Torres.
‘Alle neun Beiträge sind auf jeweils eigene Weise in Form voneinander unabhängiger Studien Fragen der kaiserlichen Repräsentation im vierten Jahrhundert n. Chr. gewidmet und versuchen so, „to disantagle [statt richtig: disentangle] the complex web of propagandistic formats that converge in the figure of the emperor in order to show how these formats were meant to create an ideological wardrobe at the service of each emperor“ (S. 8). Somit sind sie willkommene Bereicherungen zu einem wichtigen Forschungsfeld.‘ Ulrich Lambrecht, in Plekos vol.24.S: 13-23 (2022)
List of Figures
María Pilar García Ruiz and Alberto J. Quiroga Puertas

Part 1: Constantine

1 Emperors and Tyrants in the Fourth Century. Outlining a New Portrait of the Ruler and of His Role through Images and Words
Ignazio Tantillo

2 Constantine’s Arch: A Reassessment in the Light of Textual and Material Evidence
Diederik Burgersdijk

3 Purple and the Depiction of Constantine in Eusebius and Other Contemporaneous Panegyrical Works
José B. Torres

Part 2: Julian

4 The Caesars: A Myth on Julian’s Emperorship
María Pilar García Ruiz

5 Cosmic Warnings and Imperial Responses: Ammianus’ Astronomical Excursuses
Álvaro Sánchez-Ostiz

Part 3: From the Valentinians to Theodosius

6 Between Expressionism and Classicism: Stylistic Choices as Means of Legitimisation in Late Fourth-Century Imperial Portraits
Fabio Guidetti

7 The Letter from Magnus Maximus to Valentinian II (CA 39): Two Imperial Images in Conflict
María Victoria Escribano

8 Toying with Theodosius: The Manipulation of the Imperial Image in the Sources of the Riot of the Statues
Alberto J. Quiroga Puertas

9 Managing the Empire while Securing the Throne: Theodosius I and the Administrative Structures of His Empire
Daniëlle Slootjes

Scholars and students with an interest in Classics, Political History, Religious Studies and History of Christianity
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