Landscape and the Visual Hermeneutics of Place, 1500–1700


This volume examines the image-based methods of interpretation that pictorial and literary landscapists employed between 1500 and 1700. The seventeen essays ask how landscape, construed as the description of place in image and/or text, more than merely inviting close viewing, was often seen to call for interpretation or, better, for the application of a method or principle of interpretation.

Contributors: Boudewijn Bakker, William M. Barton, Stijn Bussels, Reindert Falkenburg, Margaret Goehring, Andrew Hui, Sarah McPhee, Luke Morgan, Shelley Perlove, Kathleen P. Long, Lukas Reddemann, Denis Ribouillault, Paul J. Smith, Troy Tower, and Michel Weemans.

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Karl A.E. Enenkel is Professor of Medieval Latin and Neo-Latin at the University of Münster. Previously he was Professor of Neo-Latin at the University of Leiden. He has published widely on international Humanism, early modern culture, paratexts, literary genres 1300–1600, Neo-Latin emblems, word and image relationships, and the history of scholarship and science.

Walter S. Melion is Asa Griggs Candler Professor of Art History at Emory University. He has published widely on early modern image cultures, on the art and art theory of the Low Countries, on scriptural image-making, on emblems and emblematics, and on Jesuit image theory.
List of Illustrations
Notes on the Editors
Notes on the Contributors

Part 1: Introduction: The Hermeneutic and Exegetical Potential of Landscapes

1 Introduction: Landscape and the Visual Hermeneutics of Place, 1500–1700
Walter S. Melion

2 Parabolic, Periphrastic, and Emblematic Ekphrasis in Hans Bol’s Emblemata Evangelica of 1585
Walter S. Melion

Part 2: Constructions of Identity: Landscapes and the Description of Reality

3 Landscape Description and the Hermeneutics of Neo-Latin Autobiography: the Case of Jacopo Sannazaro
Karl Enenkel

4 Landscape in Marcus Gheeraerts’s Fable Illustrations
Paul J. Smith

5 Order or Variety? Pieter Bruegel and the Aesthetics of Landscape
Boudewijn Bakker

6 Schilderachtig: A Rhyparographic View of Early 17th-Century Dutch Landscape Painting
Reindert Falkenburg

7 Landscape with Landmark: Jacob van Ruisdael’s Panorama of Amsterdam (1665–1670)
Stijn Bussels

8 Jacob van Ruisdael’s The Jewish Cemetery, c. 1654–1655: Religious Toleration, Dutch Identity, and Divine Time
Shelley Perlove

9 ‘Car la terre ici n’est telle qu’un fol l’estime’: Landscape Description as an Interpretative Tool in Two Early Modern Poems on New France
William M. Barton

Part 3: Constructions of Artificial Landscapes: Gardens, Villegiatura, Ruins

10 Hermeneutics and the Early Modern Garden: Ingenuity, Sociability, Education
Denis Ribouillault

11 The Politics of Space of the Burgundian Garden
Margaret Goehring

12 The Stratigraphy of Poetic Landscape at the Esquiline Villa
Sarah McPhee

13 Poussin’s Allegory of Ruins
Andrew Hui

14 ‘False Art’s Insolent Address’: The Enchanted Garden in Early Modern Literature and Landscape Design
Luke Morgan

Part 4: Constructions of Imaginary Landscapes

15 Narrative Vitality and the Forest in the Furioso
Troy Tower

16 Epic Salvation: Christ’s Descent into Hell and the Landscape of the Underworld in Neo-Latin Christian Epic
Lukas Reddemann

17 World Landscape as Visual Exegesis: Herri met de Bles’s Penitent Saint Jerome
Michel Weemans

18 Cities of the Dead: Utopian Spaces, the Grotesque, and the Landscape of Violence in Early Modern France
Kathleen Long

Index Nominum
Scholars, (post-graduate) students and all others specialized or interested in the history of landscape in the literary and pictorial arts of early modern Europe. Keywords: landscape, hermeneutics, description, place, panorama, terrain, variety, pastoral, garden, pleasure ground.
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