The First World War and the Nationality Question in Europe

Global Impact and Local Dynamics


Volume Editor:
This volume assembles the papers presented at the conference The International Context of the Galician Language Brotherhoods and the Nationality Question in Interwar Europe (Council of Galician Culture, Santiago de Compostela, October 2016). The different contributions, written by historians, political scientists and linguists, shed new light on the political development of the nationality question in Europe during the First World War and its aftermath, covering theoretical developments and debates, social mobilization and cultural perspectives. They also address the topic from different scales, blending the global and transnational outlook with the view from below, from the local contexts, with particular attention to peripheral areas, whilst East European and West European nationalities are dealt with on an equal footing, covering from Iberian Galicia to the Caucasus.

Contributors are: Bence Bari, Stefan Berger, Miguel Cabo, Stefan Dyroff, Lourenzo Fernández Prieto, Johannes Kabatek, Joep Leerssen, Ramón Máiz, Xosé M. Núñez Seixas, Malte Rolf, Ramón Villares, and Francesca Zantedeschi.

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Xosé M. Núñez Seixas, Ph. D. (EUI Florence, 1992), is Professor of Modern History at the University of Santiago de Compostela, and has also taught at Ludwig-Maximilians University Munich. He has extensively published on comparative nationalism, migrations and the cultural history of war. Recent publications include (with E. Storm, ed.) Regionalism and Modern Europe (London, 2018).
List of Figures
 1Introduction: the First World War and the Nationality Question: From Local to Glocal Perspectives
Xosé M. Núñez Seixas

Part 1: The First World War, Transnational Action and the Principle of Nationality

 2Cultural Mobility and Political Mobilization: Transnational Dynamics, National Action
Joep Leerssen
 3Wilson’s Unexpected Friends: The Transnational Impact of the First World War on Western European Nationalist Movements
Xosé M. Núñez Seixas
 4Nationalizing an Empire: The Bolsheviks, the Nationality Question, and Policies of Indigenization in the Soviet Union (1917–1927)
Malte Rolf
 5Federalism in Multinational States: Otto Bauer's Theory
Ramón Máiz
 6New Worlds Tackling on Side-tracks: The National Concepts of T.G. Masaryk and Oszkár Jászi during the First World War (1914–1919)
Bence Bari

Part 2: Local Dynamics

 7Micro-Nationalisms in Western Europe in the Wake of the First World War
Francesca Zantedeschi
 8The Language Brotherhoods: European Echoes in the Development of Galician Nationalism (1916–1923)
Ramón Villares
 9The Galician Language Brotherhoods and Minority Languages in Europe during the First World War
Johannes Kabatek

Part 3: The Legacy of the First World War and the Nationality Question

 10The Impact of the First World War on the (Re-)Shaping of National Histories on Europe
Stefan Berger
 11From Nationalities to Minorities? The Transnational Debate on the Minority Protection System of the League of Nations, and Its Predecessors
Stefan Dyroff
 12Agrarian Movements, the National Question, and Democracy in Europe, 1880–1945
Lourenzo Fernández-Prieto and Miguel Cabo
Scholars and students interested in the history of nationalisms and the nationality question in interwar Europe, as well as in the history of World War I and its socio-political consequences.
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