Responding to the deteriorating situation of migrants today and the complex assemblages of the geographies they navigate, Coercive Geographies examines historical and contemporary forms of coercion and constraint exercised by a wide range of actors in diverse settings. It links the question of spatial confines to that of labor. This fraught nexus of mobility and work seems self-evidently relevant to explore. Coercive Geographies is our attempt to bring together space, precarity, labor coercion and mobility in an analytical lens. Precarity emerges in particular geographical and historical contexts, which are decisive for how it is shaped. The book analyzes coercive geographies as localized and spatialized intersections between labor regulations and migration policies, which become detrimental to existing mobility frameworks.
Contributors include: Irina Aguiari, Abdulkadir Osman Farah, Leandros Fischer, Konstantinos Floros, Johan Heinsen, Martin Bak Jørgensen, Martin Ottovay Jørgensen, Apostolos Kapsalis, Karin Krifors, Sven Van Melkebeke, Susi Meret, and Vasileios Spyridon Vlassis.
Johan Heinsen is Associate Professor at the research group Conflict, Coercion and Authority in History (CCA) at the Department of Politics and Society, Aalborg University. He works on labor coercion and punishment across the early modern world. He is vice-chair of the COST-action Worlds of Related Coercions in Work.
Martin Bak Jørgensen is Associate Professor at the Department for Culture and Learning, Aalborg University, Denmark. He works within sociology and political geography. He has published Solidarity and the ‘Refugee Crisis’ in Europe (Palgrave, 2019) with Óscar García Agustín.
Martin Ottovay Jørgensen, Ph.D. in International History. His research explores how international peacekeeping within the context of an international system significantly influenced by multiple imperial regimes is linked to inequality and insecurity.
Preface and Acknowledgements
List of Illustrations
Notes on Contributors
1 Coercive Geographies: Historicizing Mobility, Labor and Confinement. An Introduction
Johan Heinsen, Martin Bak Jørgensen and Martin Ottovay Jørgensen 2 Migrants’ Entrapment in a ‘State of Expectancy’: Patterns of Im/mobility for Agricultural Workers in Manolada, Greece
Apostolos Kapsalis, Konstantinos Floros and Martin Bak Jørgensen 3 Constructing Immobility: Border Work and Coercion at the Hotspots of the Aegean
Vasileios Spyridon Vlassis 4 “Cyprus Is a Big Prison”: Reflections on Mobility and Racialization in a Border Society
Leandros Fischer 5 “When the Snow Falls, They Have All Left”: Infrastructures of Seasonal Labor in Migration Corridors
Karin Krifors 6 Turning Migrants into Slaves: Labor Exploitation and Caporalato Practices in the Italian Agricultural Sector
Susi Meret and Irina Aguiari 7 Strategies of Overcoming Precarity: The Case of Somali Transnational Community Ties, Spaces and Links in the United Arab Emirates
Abdulkadir Osman Farah 8 Negotiating Displacement, Precarity and Militarized Confinement in the Middle East before Neoliberalism: The Gaza Strip, 1957–1967
Martin Ottovay Jørgensen 9 Science as the Handmaiden of Coerced Labor: The Implementation of Cotton Cultivation Schemes in the Eastern Congo Uele Region, 1920–1960
Sven Van Melkebeke 10 Life on the Run: Coercive Geographies in Denmark–Norway, 1600–1850
Johan Heinsen 11 Assembling Coercive Geographies in Comparative Context
Johan Heinsen, Martin Bak Jørgensen and Martin Ottovay Jørgensen Index
Coercive Geographies is of interest for students and scholars within migration studies, sociology, history and political economy as well as people interested in the effects of global neoliberalism