Modern Middle-Class Housing in Tehran

Reproduction of an Archetype: Episodes of Urbanism 1945–1979


In Modern Middle-Class Housing in Tehran – Reproduction of an Archetype, Rana Habibi offers an engaging analysis of the modern urban history of Tehran during the Cold War period: 1945–1979. The book, while arguing about the institutionalism of modernity in the form of modern middle-class housing in Tehran, shows how vernacular archetypes found their way into the construction of new neighborhoods. The trajectory of ideal modernism towards popular modernism, the introduction of modern taste to traditional society through architects, while tracing the path of transnational models in local projects, are all subjects extensively expounded by Rana Habibi through engaging graphical analyses and appealing theoretical interpretations involving five modern Tehran neighborhoods.

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Rana Habibi, Ph.D.(2015) is a practicing Brussels-based urbanist and architectural historian. She has written extensively on modernity and urbanism. She has authored several book chapters, including The Routledge Companion to Modernity, Space and Gender (Routledge, 2018).
List of Illustrations
Persian Transcription
 1 Middle-Class Housing Development in Tehran and the Question of Non-Western Modernity
 2 Iran’s Position Amidst Non-Western Architectural Modernism
 3 Modernism as Institutionalism
 4 From Ideal Modernism to Popular Modernism
 5 Modernism as a Taste
 6 Modernism as a Transnational Model
 7 Tehran Urban Modernization: Articulation of the Walled Gardens and Urban Planning Laws
 8 Modern Middle-Class Quarters: A Reproduction of Archetype

1 The Unveiled House – The Institutionalization of Modern Middle-Class Neighborhoods in 1940s Tehran: Chahārsad Dastgāh, 1946
 1 Growth of the Middle Class, the Question of Modern Collective Housing, and the Birth of Tehran’s First Modern Neighborhood
 2 Modern District: The Courtyard House New Urban Block Configuration – Chahārsad Dastgāh
 3 A Modern House by Law: Expansion of Modernity
 4 Conclusion

2 Architects and Architecture without Architects: Nārmak, 1952
 1 Introduction
 2 Reformers
 3 A Modernist Vision for a Middle-Class Neighborhood – Nārmak
 4 A Yard: Contextualization of the Modern
 5 Builders: Negotiating the Modern
 6 Conclusion

3 Modern Taste – Iranian Domestic Cultural Transformation and the Excellence of the Car-Urban Landscape: Kuy-e Farah, 1961 and Kuy-e Chahārom-e Ābān, 1969
 1 Introduction
 2 The Modern Iranian House as Embodiment of Global Taste
 3 A Car-Garden Neighborhood: Transformation of an Iranian Courtyard House: The Case of Kuy-e Farah, 1961
 4 The Automobile Society and the Appearance of the Apartment Building: The Case of Kuy-e Chahārom-e Ābān, 1969
 5 Conclusion

4 A Transnational Model – Internationalist Discourses and Practices in Tehran: The Case of Ekbātān, 1976
 1 From Oil Exporting Economy to the Internationalization of Tehran
 2 Iranian Internationalism: In Search of Methodology
 3 Iranian Internationalism in Practice: Modernist Architectural Experiments
 4 Ekbātān: A Transnational Architectural Model
 5 Neglecting Internationalism and Continuations of Modernism in Practice
 1 International Modernism and the Reproduction of Archetype  2 Row Courtyard House Model + Grid
 3 Linear Courtyard House Model + Grid
 4 Super Courtyard House Model + Grid
 5 Tehran: Speculative and Fragmented Middle-Class Urban Landscape
 6 Epilogue: Chahārbāgh as the Main Structure of the New Center of Tehran
Everybody interested in the history and theory of non-west modern urbanism during the Cold War and indeed anybody concerned with the history of modern urbanism/architecture in Iran.
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