Manichaeism and Early Christianity comprises the selected papers from the 2019 Pretoria Congress and Consultation. The sixteen chapters focus on where and how Gnostic Manichaeism interfered not only with other forms of Gnosticism, but above all with the writings and representatives of mainstream Christianity during the early centuries of our era. Key texts dealt with are a number of Nag Hammadi writings (including the Gospel of Thomas) as well as figures such as Marcion, Tatian, Ephrem the Syrian, Chrysostom, Pelagius and—not least—Augustine and his pupil Evodius.
Johannes van Oort, em. professor Utrecht University and Radboud University Nijmegen, is a research professor at the University of Pretoria. He published over 25 books and numerous articles, mainly on Augustine and Manichaeism, including Augustine and Manichaean Christianity (Brill, 2013) and Mani and Augustine. Collected Essays on Mani, Manichaeism and Augustine (Brill, 2020).
Preface Notes on Contributors
1 The Religious Innovator Tatian: A Precursor of Mani in Syrian Christianity? Josef Lössl
2 Antithèses en mutation, de Marcion à Mani Michel Tardieu
3 The Diatessaronic Sequence of Mani’s Sermon on the Life of Christ in the Berlin Kephalaia Zsuzsanna Gulácsi
4 The Strange Case of ‘Quire A’ in the Dublin Kephalaia Codex: Further Thoughts on Mani’s Book of Mysteries, M28I and the First Apocalypse of James Iain Gardner
5 Mani’s Book of Mysteries: A Treatise De anima Dylan M. Burns
6 A Manichaean Reading of the Gospel of Thomas René Falkenberg
7 “For only our lord the Paraclete is competent to praise you as you deserve” (P.Kell.Gr. 63): Identifying a Roman-Egyptian Patron of the Manichaeans in Kellis Mattias Brand
8 Les Acta Archelai et ses principaux personnages : Notes historiques et lexicales Madeleine Scopello
9 Snakes in the Garden and Tares in the Wheat Field: Ephrem of Nisibis’ Polemic of Lineage against the Manichaeans Robert Morehouse
10 Manichaeism in John Chrysostom’s Heresiology Chris L. de Wet
11 Augustine’s De pulchro et apto and its Manichaean Context Johannes van Oort
12 Thing and Argument: On the Function of the Scenario in Augustine’s De beata vita Therese Fuhrer
13 Augustine, Faustus, and the Jews Jason David BeDuhn
14 Pelagius against the Manichaeans: Real Opponents or Clichéd Heresiology? Nils Arne Pedersen
15 Evodius of Uzalis and the Development of Manichaeism in Roman North Africa Aäron Vanspauwen
16 The ‘Children’ of the Manichaeans: Wandering Extreme Ascetics in the Roman East Compared Rea Matsangou
17 The Afterlife of Manichaeism in Neoplatonic Education Byard Bennett
Index of Antique and Modern Personal Names
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