This is the first broad, detailed grammar of the Giziga language, which belongs to the Chadic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family. The language is spoken in parts of the Far North Region of the Republic of Cameroon and can be divided into two dialects, Giziga and Northern Giziga, with about 80,000 native speakers in total. This volume describes the Giziga dialect, occasionally referring to the Northern variety, and aims to provide new information about this and other Afro-Asiatic languages for further research in linguistics, history, anthropology, sociology and related fields. The book will also be a tool helping Giziga speakers preserve their language, history and culture for future generations.
Erin Shay is an Adjunct Assistant Professor of Linguistics at the University of Colorado Boulder. She is the author/co-author of grammars of four Chadic languages and many books and papers concerning linguistic forms and functions.
Acknowledgments List of Tables Abbreviations
1 The Giziga Language 1 Name, Classification, and Geographical Location 2 Existing Literature 3 Data Sources 4 Notes on Data and Transcription 5 Outline of the Grammar 6 Conclusion
2 Phonology 1 Introduction 2 Consonants 3 Vowels 4 Syllable Structures and Syllabification 5 Phonotactics 6 Tone 7 Conclusions
3 Verbs 1 Introduction 2 The Nature of the Underlying Form 3 Structural Classes of Verbs 4 Tone in the Verbal Piece 5 Monosyllabic Verbs 6 Bisyllabic Verbs 7 Deriving the Infinitive Stem 8 Deriving the Participial Stem 9 Conclusions
4 Nouns, Pronouns and Noun Phrases 1 Introduction 2 Phonology of Nouns 3 Vowel-Final Nouns 4 Glide-Final Nouns 5 Consonant-Final Nouns 6 Derived Nouns 7 Semantic Categories of Nouns 8 Conjoining Noun Phrases 9 Independent Pronouns 10 The Noun Phrase 11 Modifying Constructions 12 Number in the Noun Phrase 13 Conclusions
18 Complement Clauses 1 Introduction 2 Comment on a Noun Phrase 3 Comment on an Adjunct 4 Comment on the Protasis 5 Comment on the Purpose Clause 6 Comment on the Matrix Clause 7 Comment on a Complete Clause 8 Interrogative as Comment 9 Conclusions
19 Relative Clauses 1 Introduction 2 Form of the Relative Clause 3 Tense and Aspect in the Relative Clause 4 Coding the Role of the Relativized Constituent 5 Conclusions
25 Sample Texts 1 Introduction 2 The Story of Kay and Her Brother Gòló (Narrated by Saini Sikoua in 2006) 3 A History of Muturua (Narrated by Saini Sikoua in 2007)
Appendix 1: A Compilation of Tables Appendix 2: A Summary of Morphological Forms and Functions Giziga-English Lexicon English-Giziga Lexicon References Index
The book will be useful for students and professional linguists focusing on comparative, typological, and diachronic linguistics, and to Giziga speakers who wish to preserve their language and culture.