The Fables of Jesus in the Gospel of Luke introduces the world of the ancient fable to biblical scholarship and argues that Jesus’s parables in Luke’s gospel belong to the ancient fable tradition.
Jesus is regarded as the first figure in history to use the parable genre with any regularity—a remarkable historical curiosity that serves as the foundation for many assumptions in New Testament scholarship. The Fables of Jesus in the Gospel of Luke challenges this consensus, situating the parables within a literary context unknown to biblical scholarship: the ancient fable. After introducing the ancient fable, the “parables” of Jesus in Luke’s gospel are used as a testing ground to demon - strate that they are identical to first-century fables. This challenges many conven - tional assumptions about parables, Luke’s gospel, and the relationship of Jesus to the storytelling traditions of the Mediterranean world. This study offers multitudes of new parallels to the otherwise enigmatic parable tradition, opens an exciting new venue for comparative exploration, and lays a new foundation upon which to study the fables of Jesus.
Justin David Strong is an Associate Researcher in New Testament Studies at the Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz. He has also authored several articles in peer-reviewed journals and edited volumes, including New Testament Studies, Journal for the Study of Judaism, and Journal of Early Christian Studies. Justin David Strong has been awarded the "Manfred Lautenschlaeger Award for Theological Promise 2022" for his dissertation,"The Fables of Jesus in the Gospel of Luke".