Between Secularization and Reform: Religion in the Enlightenment provides a critical reappraisal of the idea that the Enlightenment is at the headwaters of secularization. Contributors analyze early modern religious controversies, the significance of faith in national contexts, clandestine philosophy, varieties of rational religion, and the intermingling of heterodoxy with unbelief in the writings of key thinkers and less famous figures.
The volume encourages revisiting descriptions of the “Age of Lights” that use such categories as “moderate – radical” and “religious – secular.” Picturing the deep transformation undergone by religion in the Enlightenment, it draws a thin line between religious reforms and attempts to eliminate religious faith from the public sphere and individuals’ lives.
Contributors: Jeffrey D. Burson, Dominic Erdozain, Hasse Hämäläinen, Wojciech Kozyra, Ian Leask, Diego Lucci, Gianni Paganini, Stephen R. Palmquist, Mathias Sonnleithner, Anna Tomaszewska, Damien Tricoire, and Wiep van Bunge.
Anna Tomaszewska, Ph.D. (2011), is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at the Jagiellonian University. She has published articles, edited collections, and monographs on both Kant and the Enlightenment, including Kant’s Rational Religion and the Radical Enlightenment: From Spinoza to Contemporary Debates (Bloomsbury, 2022).
Acknowledgments Notes on Contributors
1 Between Secularization and Reform: An Introduction Anna Tomaszewska and Hasse Hämäläinen
Part 1: Enlightenment and Secularization
2 Theological Revolution and the Entangled Emergence of Enlightenment Secularization Jeffrey D. Burson
3 If Men Were Angels: Reason and Passion in the Enlightenment Dominic Erdozain
4 The Triumph of Theocracy: French Political Thought, God, and the Question of Secularization in the Age of Enlightenment Damien Tricoire
5 Secularization in the Dutch Enlightenment: The Irrelevance of Philosophy Wiep van Bunge
Part 2: The Religion(s) of the Enlightenment
6 The Ways of Clandestinity: Radical Cartesianism and Deism in Robert Challe (1659–1721) Gianni Paganini
7 More Voltaire than Rousseau? Deism in the Revolutionary Cults of Reason and the Supreme Being Mathias Sonnleithner
8 D’Holbach and Deism Hasse Hämäläinen
9 ‘A Matter of Dangerous Consequence’: Molyneux and Locke on Toland Ian Leask
Part 3: Religious Enlighteners and Radical Reformers
10 Locke’s Reasonable Christianity: A Religious Enlightener’s Theology in Context Diego Lucci
11 Does Quakerism Qualify as Kantian Enlightened Religion? Stephen R. Palmquist
12 Radical Critics and Religious Enlighteners: The Cases of Edelmann and Kant Anna Tomaszewska
13 The Gospel of the New Principle: The Marcionian Leitmotif in Kant’s Religious Thought in the Context of Thomas Morgan and the German Enlightenment Wojciech Kozyra
Intellectual historians studying the Enlightenment, scholars of early modern philosophy and philosophers of religion, and all interested in the developments of Western Christianity, preceding the onset of secularization. Keywords: atheism, baron d’Holbach, Baruch Spinoza, French Revolution, heterodoxy, Immanuel Kant, John Locke, John Toland, natural religion (deism), Quakers, rational religion, religious Enlightenment, Robert Challe, secular Enlightenment, Voltaire.