In the early modern period, images of revolts and violence became increasingly important tools to legitimize or contest political structures. This volume offers the first in-depth analysis of how early modern people produced and consumed violent imagery, and assesses its role in memory practices, political mobilization, and the negotiation of cruelty and justice.
Critically evaluating the traditional focus on Western European imagery, the case studies in this book draw on evidence from Russia, China, Hungary, Portugal, Germany, North America, and other regions. The contributors highlight the distinctions among visual cultures of violence, as well as their entanglements in networks of intensive transregional communication, early globalization, and European colonization.
Contributors: Monika Barget, David de Boer, Nóra G. Etényi, Fabian Fechner, Joana Fraga, Malte Griesse, Alain Hugon, Gleb Kazakov, Nancy Kollmann, Ya-Chen Ma, Galina Tirnanić, and Ramon Voges.
Malte Griesse, Ph.D. (2008, EHESS Paris), habilitation (2016, University of Konstanz) is visiting professor at LMU Munich. His main fields of research are Soviet history, early modern revolts in Europe, and autobiographical writing during the Sattelzeit (“Saddle Period”).
Monika Barget, Ph.D. (2018, University of Konstanz) is postdoctoral researcher at IEG Mainz. Her current research interests include mobility and borders in the early modern period, geo-humanities, public humanities, and the digital analysis of media networks.
David de Boer, Ph.D. (2019, University of Konstanz and Leiden University) is postdoctoral researcher at the University of Amsterdam. His most recent article is “Between Remembrance and Oblivion. Negotiating Civic Identity after the Sacks of Mechelen (1572, 1580),” Sixteenth Century Journal (2020).
List of Illustrations Notes on Contributors
Introduction: Revolts and Political Violence in Early Modern Imagery Malte Griesse, Monika Barget and David de Boer
Part 1: Visual Markers of Legitimacy
1 To Visualize or Not to Visualize: Commemorating the Suppression of Revolt in Early Qing China Ya-chen Ma
2 Visualizing Punishment in Byzantium: Disseminating Memories of Quelled Revolts before the Age of Mechanical Reproduction Galina Tirnanić
3 Revolutionary Ceremonies and Visual Culture during the Neapolitan Revolt (1647–1648) Alain Hugon
Part 2: Confessional Conflict
4 From Power Brokers to Rebels: How Frans Hogenberg Depicted the Beginning of the Dutch Revolt Ramon Voges
5 Strategies of Transnational Identification: Images of the 1655 Massacre of the Waldensians in the Dutch Press David de Boer
6 Image and Text as Propaganda during the Upper Austrian Peasant War, 1626 Malte Griesse
Part 3: Foreign Observation
7 The International Reputation and Self-Representation of Hungarian Noblemen in the Seventeenth Century Nóra G. Etényi and Monika Barget
8 Representing the King: The Images of João IV of Portugal (1640–1652) Joana Fraga
9 Marking Political Legitimacy in Early Modern Images of Russia Nancy Kollmann
10 Through Glory and Death: Stepan Razin and the 1670–1671 Cossack Rebellion in Western Early Modern Visual Culture Gleb Kazakov
Part 4: Revolutionary Images
11 Concepts of Leadership in Early Portraits of American Revolutionaries Monika Barget
12 Satirical Rebels? Irritating Anticipations in European Visualizations of Black American Insurgents around 1800 Fabian Fechner
All interested in the history of early modern print media, violence, and visual cultures, and anyone concerned with memory practices, political mobilization, and the negotiation of justice. Keywords: visual culture, print, pamphlets, public opinion, execution, law, justice, cruelty, memory, revolution, premodern, press, art, persuasion, Reformation.