The Anglican Eucharist in Australia

The History, Theology, and Liturgy of the Eucharist in the Anglican Church of Australia


In The Anglican Eucharist in Australia, Brian Douglas explores the History, Theology, and Liturgy of the Eucharist in the Anglican Church of Australia. The story begins with the first white settlement in 1788 and continues to the present day. The three eucharistic liturgies used in the ACA, and the debates that led to them, are examined in depth: The Book of Common Prayer (1662); An Australian Prayer Book (1978); and A Prayer Book for Australia (1995). The deep sacramentality of the Aboriginal people is acknowledged and modern issues such as liturgical development, lay presidency and virtual Eucharists are also explored. The book concludes with some suggestions for the further development of eucharistic liturgies within the ACA.

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Brian Douglas, Ph.D. (2006), University of Newcastle, Australia, is Research Professor at the Australian Centre for Christianity and Culture, Charles Sturt University, Australia. He has published The Eucharistic Theology of Edward Bouverie Pusey: Sources, Context and Doctrine within the Oxford Movement and Beyond,/i> (Brill, 2015) and A Companion to Anglican Eucharistic Theology (Brill, 2012) as well as numerous peer-reviewed articles in international journals. He is the Editor of the Journal of Anglican Studies (Cambridge University Press).
"This volume adds worthily to the Brill series of ‘Anglican-Episcopal Theology and History’. Douglas’s work is definitive and irreplaceable. ." - Colin Buchanan, Assistant Bishop, Diocese of Leeds, in: Journal of Anglican Studies (2022).

"The history, theology and liturgy of the Eucharist in the Anglican Church of Australia has never been written until Dr Douglas’ present book. In a sustained and well researched manner the author brings to light the details, controversies and underlying theological and philosophical concerns that have imprinted themselves on the subject. He is to be congratulated on undertaking this task in such a masterful manner." - Stephen Pickard, Executive Director, Charles Sturt University.

"The significance of the book is its combination of history, ecclesiology, and the careful analysis of specific liturgical texts in this framework and the impact of the dynamics of decision making in a synodical church. It is also useful as a substantial exposition of an important aspect of Anglicanism in Australia from its beginnings as a British military colony for exiled convicts. The book will be of interest to liturgical scholars and clergy around the world and also those interested in a vital aspect of Anglicanism in Australia, which has not hitherto been available, to a wider reading public. It should figure on reading lists in seminaries around the world." - Bruce Kaye, Professor, Charles Sturt University.
Acknowledgements IX
Abbreviations X

1 A Multiformity of Assumptions in the Anglican Church of Australia
 1 The Anglican Church of Australia
 2 The Notion of Sacramentality
 3 Philosophical Assumptions
 4 Overview of This Book

2 The Colonial Period in Australia, 1788–1829
 1 The Coming of the First Fleet and the First Eucharist
 2 Johnson’s Understanding of the Eucharist
 3 Johnson’s Evangelical Heritage
 4 Johnson’s Appointment as Chaplain
 5 Sacramentality?
 6 The 1662 Book of Common Prayer and Eucharistic Theology
 7 Public Worship in the Early Penal Colony

3 Broughton and the Growth of the Church of England in Australia 1829–1860
 1 Broughton Influenced by Tractarianism
 2 Defections to Rome: Robert Knox Sconce and Thomas Cooper Makinson
 3 Militant Protestants: Peter Beamish and Francis Russell
 4 Bishop Broughton’s Innovations in Worship
 5 Other Bishops
 6 Broughton’s Successor – Bishop Barker

4 The Eucharistic and Sacramental Theology of the Colonial Bishops
 1 The Bishops and Differing Sacramental Theologies
 2 The Bishop’s Conference of 1850
 3 William Grant Broughton – Bishop of Sydney
 4 Charles Perry, Bishop of Melbourne
 5 Francis Nixon, Bishop of Tasmania

5 Eucharistic Theology in Significant Parishes in the Diocese of Sydney
 1 St James King Street, Sydney
 2 Christ Church St Laurence, Sydney

6 Party Division 1860–1960
 1 Party Division
 2 The Diocese of Sydney – Two Significant Parishes Continued
 3 The Diocese of Adelaide
 4 The Diocese of Melbourne
 5 St Peter’s Eastern Hill, Melbourne
 6 The Province of Queensland
 7 Other Dioceses
 8 Impetus for Revision
 9 Alternatives to the 1662 Book of Common Prayer
 10 The 1928 Book of Common Prayer
 11 Departures from the Use and Theology of the 1662 BCP
 12 Conclusion

7 Preparing for An Australian Prayer Book
 1 Moving towards a Prayer Book
 2 English Series 1
 3 English Series 2
 4 English Series 3

8 The Beginnings of Prayer Book Revision in Australia
 1 Trial Uses and the Constitution
 2 1966 Report of the Prayer Book Commission of the Church of England in Australia
 3 A Liturgy for Africa
 4 A Service of Holy Communion for Australia, 1969 (Australia, ’69)
 5 Sunday Services Revised, 1972
 6 A Service of Holy Communion for Australia, 1973 (Australia ’73)
 7 Liturgical Arrangements

9 An Australian Prayer Book (AAPB) 1978
 1 The Publication of An Australian Prayer Book 1978
 2 The Eucharistic Liturgies of AAPB

10 Reflections on the Eucharist at the Time of An Australian Prayer Book 1978
 1 Latimer Monograph III: The Service of Holy Communion and its Revision (1972)
 2 What Mean Ye by This Service? A Critical Examination of An Australian Prayer Book
 3 Eucharist and Sacrifice – The Austen James Lecture 1975
 4 Anglican-Roman Catholic International Commission – The Windsor Report 1971
 5 When We Meet for Worship – A Manual for Using An Australian Prayer Book 1978
 6 Catholic Renewal in the Anglican Church – Advent Addresses Given by the Archbishop of Adelaide, 1982
 7 A Catechism by the Doctrine Commission of the General Synod of the Anglican Church of Australia 1985

11 The Significance of An Australian Prayer Book 1978

12 Preparing for A Prayer Book for Australia – Trial and Alternative Liturgies
 1 The Pressure for Further Revision of Eucharistic Liturgies
 2 Experimental Sunday Services 1993 (Diocese of Sydney)
 3 The Holy Communion Also Called the Eucharist and the Lord’s Supper 1993 (Liturgy Commission)

13 A Prayer Book for Australia 1995 (Liturgical Commission) Draft
 1 The General Synod of 1995
 2 Three Orders of the Eucharist

14 A Prayer Book for Australia (APBA) (1995)
 1 The Second Order of the Eucharist
 2 The Third Order of the Eucharist
 3 Holy Communion Outline Order
 4 The Eucharist at Weddings, Ministry with the Sick and Dying and Funerals

15 Liturgical Responses to APBA 1995
 1 Services for Ash Wednesday, Palm Sunday, Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, The Easter Vigil (2000)
 2 In Living Use: Revised Services from the Book of Common Prayer (1662)
 3 Holy Communion (2009)
 4 The Holy Eucharist 1995/2002 (Diocese of Ballarat)
 5 Sunday Services 2001 and Common Prayer 2012 (Diocese of Sydney)
 6 Conclusion

16 Multiformity of Eucharistic Theology and Practice in the ACA

17 Case Study: ‘The Apostolic Tradition Attributed to Hippolytus’ – 2009
 1 A Compromise Approach to the Development of Eucharistic Liturgy
 2 The Apostolic Tradition
 3 The Apostolic Tradition and the Liturgical Commission of the Anglican Church of Australia
 4 Liturgical Background and the Need for Dialogue

18 Lay Presidency of the Eucharist in the ACA
 1 The Push for Lay Presidency in the Diocese of Sydney
 2 Other Voices on Lay Presidency
 3 The Opinion of the Appellate Tribunal

19 ‘Virtual’ Eucharists
 1 A Global Pandemic
 2 The Anglican Diocese of Sydney
 3 Context and Practical Concerns
 4 A Biblical Perspective
 5 A Theological Perspective
 6 A Constitutional Perspective

20 Conclusion
 1 The Centrality of Sacramentality
 2 The Three Prayer Books
 3 Mission to the ‘Heathens and Savages’
 4 The Aboriginal Spirituality – An Inherent Sacramentality
 5 The Place of Text and Future Liturgical Developments
 6 Sacramentality in Aboriginal Spirituality
Index of Persons
Index of Subjects
Members of the Anglican Communion and of the Anglican Church of Australia both lay and ordained, liturgical scholars, historians and theologians. An important resource for academic libraries, students of theology and liturgical commissions.
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