Philippi, From Colonia Augusta to Communitas Christiana

Religion and Society in Transition


This volume provides a review of recent research in Philippi related to archaeology, demography, religion, the New Testament and early Christianity. Careful reading of texts, inscriptions, coins and other archaeological materials allow the reader to examine how religious practice in Philippi changed as the city moved from being a Hellenistic polis to a Roman colony to a center for Christian worship and pilgrimage. The essays raise questions about traditional understandings of material culture in Philippi, and come to conclusions that reflect more complicated and diverse views of the city and its inhabitants.

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Steven J. Friesen, Ph.D. (1990), Harvard University, is the Louise Farmer Boyer Chair in Biblical Studies at The University of Texas at Austin. His publications include Imperial Cults and the Apocalypse of John: Reading Revelation in the Ruins (2001).

Michalis Lycounas, BA, MA (AUTH), is an archaeologist/curator with the Ephorate of Antiquities of Kavala. His interests are in Early Christian artistic expression, material culture of the Greek Orthodox community in the Ottoman period and heritage and public memory management.

Daniel N. Schowalter, Th.D. (1989), Harvard University, is Emeritus Professor of Classics and Religion at Carthage College. He works in archaeology and ancient Mediterranean religion. He is co-director of excavations at Omrit in Northern Israel and Mandeure in eastern France.

Contributors are Cédric Brélaz, Katerina Chryssanthaki-Nagle, Cavan Concannon, Sofia Doukata-Demertzi, Michael Flexsenhar III, Steven Friesen, Emmanuela Gounari, Haido Koukouli-Chryssanthaki, Dimitra Malamidou, Aristoteles Mentzos, Laura Nasrallah, Peter Oakes, Melina Paissidou, Natalia Poulou, Jennifer Quigley, Athanasios Rizakis, Daniel N. Schowalter, Michel Sève, Angela Standhartinger, Ekaterini Tsalampouni, Stavros Zachariadis.
List of Figures and Tables
Notes on Contributors

Daniel N. Schowalter

part 1: Traditional Religion and Society in Philippi

1 The Forum at Philippi: The Transformation of Public Space from the Establishment of the Colony to the Early Byzantine Period
Michel Sève

2 Reconstructing the Religious Landscape of the Roman Colony of Philippi
Athanasios Rizakis

3 Thracian, Greek, or Roman? Ethnic and Social Identities of Worshippers (and Gods) in Roman Philippi
Cédric Brélaz

4 Non-Romans in the Roman Colony of Philippi and Their Hybrid Identities: The Case of the Thracian Population
Ekaterini G. Tsalampouni

5 Numismatic History of Philippi: from the Greek City-State to the Roman Colony
Katerina Chryssanthaki-Nagle

6 Sanctuary of Hero Auloneites on Mt. Pangaion: Tracing Continuity and Change of Religious Practices in the Territory of Philippi
Chaido Koukouli-Chryssanthaki and Dimitra Malamidou

7 Maintaining the City: Enslaved Labor and Trade in Roman Philippi
Sarah E. Bond

part 2: Paul and His Influence

8 “Let Us Know Anything Further Which You Have Heard”: Mapping Philippian Connectivity
Cavan Concannon

9 Cost and Abundance in Roman Philippi: The Letter to the Philippians in Its Context
Jennifer Quigley and Laura Nasrallah

10 Echoes in the Praetorium: Place, People, and Prospects in Philippians 1:13
Michael Flexsenhar III

11 Popular Heroization in Philippian Funerary Epigraphy and Paul’s Letter to the Philippians
Peter Oakes

12 Class and Ideology in Acts 16: The Philippian Narrative as a Failed Revolution
Steven J. Friesen

13 Paul and Philippi: The Early Cult of the Apostle and the Topography of the Late Antique City
Aristotelis Mentzos

14 “The Beloved Community” after Paul: Early Christianity in Philippi from the Second to the Fourth Century
Angela Standhartinger

part 3: Late Antique and Byzantine Developments

15 New Evidence for the Civic Center from the Roman Colony to the Late Byzantine Period: Excavation of the Parking Lot at the Archaeological Museum of Philippi
Sofia Doukata-Demertzi

16 Christian Philippi: The Cases of the Fourth and Fifth Residential Insulae of the Newly Excavated Area
Emmanuela Gounari and Melina Paissidou

17 Reassessing Urban Continuity in Early Medieval Philippi
Natalia Poulou

18 Terra a mano: The Handmade Pottery of Philippi and Its Implications for the Transformation of the City during the Early Byzantine Period
Stavros Zachariadis

Readers interested in Roman and Byzantine archaeology, architecture and religion, epigraphy, numismatics, social identity, funerary customs, hero cult, economy, pilgrimage, city planning, domestic space and, New Testament and Early Christianity.
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