The Law of International Humanitarian Relief in Non-International Armed Conflicts


This book comprehensively covers the entire scope of conflicting rights and duties of the fighting parties and international humanitarian relief actors in non-international armed conflicts, namely from the moment of the initiation of international humanitarian relief actions till their authorisation and throughout the consecutive stages of the delivery of relief. From the practice of frontline humanitarian negotiations, this book reconceptualizes how those rights and duties are coming into being and how compliance with agreements on humanitarian access and other international humanitarian law and international human rights norms can be ensured and/or their normativity can be strengthened.

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Matthias Vanhullebusch, Ph.D. (2011) in Law, School of Oriental and African Studies (University of London), is Chenxing Associate Professor and Executive Director of the Asian Law Center at the KoGuan School of Law of the Shanghai Jiao Tong University.
Table of Materials

 I Challenges of Humanitarian Access and Delivery in Times of Non-International Armed Conflicts
 II Promises and Limits of the Normative Approach
 III Strengthening the Normativity of the Law of International Humanitarian Relief
  A The Erosion of the Law of International Humanitarian Relief
  B Reconceptualizing the Normativity of the Law of International Humanitarian Relief
  C A New Framework of Humanitarian Engagement within the Realm of International Humanitarian Relief: Towards a Relational Normativity
 IV Aims and Scope of the Book

Initiating International Humanitarian Relief

1 The Right of Initiative of Impartial Humanitarian Bodies
 I Initiators
  A Impartial Humanitarian Bodies
  B Grounds for Initiative
  1 International Humanitarian Law and the Right of Initiative
  2 International Human Rights Law and the Right to Humanitarian Assistance
  C Limits to Initiative
   1 Direct Limitations: The Principle of Neutrality
   2 Indirect Limitations
    a Principle of Sovereignty
    b UN Sanctions Regimes
 II Beneficiaries and Benefits
 iii Addressees

2 The Duty of States to Cooperate
 I Initiators
  A Third States and International/Regional Organisations
  B Grounds for Cooperation
  1 International Humanitarian Law
   a Obligation to Undertake International Humanitarian Relief Actions
   b Obligations to Ensure Respect for International Humanitarian Law
  2 Doctrine on the Responsibility to Protect
  3 International Human Rights Law
 C Limits to Cooperation
  1 Principle of Sovereignty
  2 Prior UN Security Council Authorisation
 II Beneficiaries and Benefits
 III Addressees

Authorising International Humanitarian Relief

3 The Strategic Consent of Fighting Parties
  I Ownership over the Right to Strategic Consent
 A Pillars of the Equal Right to Consent of Non-State Armed Groups
  1 Principle of Equality of the Fighting Parties
  2 (Limited) International Legal Personality of Non-State Armed Groups
  3 Equal Accountability of the Fighting Parties
  B Unwarranted Consequences of the Symmetrical Right to Consent
  1 On the Interpretation and Development of the Law of International Humanitarian Relief
  2 On the Battlefield
  C Solutions to the Legal Vacuum: Towards a Relational Normativity
 II A The Role of Neutrality upon the Humanitarian Engagement of International Humanitarian Relief Actors with the Fighting Parties
  B The Role of Neutrality upon the Security Council’s Authorisation of Cross-Border Relief
 III Agreements on Humanitarian Access
  A Types
  B Forms
  C Normativity

4 Limits to the Exercise of the Strategic Consent of Fighting Parties
 I Arbitrary Denial
 II UN Security Council Suspension of Consent
 III Presumption of Consent

Delivering International Humanitarian Relief

5 The Obligations and Rights of Fighting Parties
 I Obligations
  A Security Obligations
   1 Agreements on Humanitarian Access
    a Special Protection
     i Distinctive Emblems of the Geneva Conventions and Additional Protocols
     ii United Nations Emblem
    b Additional Protection
   2 General Protection: Civilian Immunity
   B Cooperation Obligations
    1 Agreements on Humanitarian Access
    2 UN Security Council Resolutions
     a Policy
     b Measures to Ensure Compliance with the Obligations under the Agreements
 II Right of Control or Operational Consent
  A Grounds to Exercise the Right of Control
   1 International Humanitarian Law
     a Imperative Military Necessity
     b Self-Sufficiency of Humanitarian Relief
   2 Outside International Humanitarian Law
    a External Security Threats
  B Independent Exercise of the Right of Control
  C Limits to the Exercise of the Right of Control
 III Consequences of Non-Compliance
  A Action Undertaken by the Contracting Parties to the Agreements on Humanitarian Access
   1 Voluntary Measures of the Fighting Parties
    a Resumption of Security and Cooperation Obligations
    b Investigation and Criminal Prosecution
   2 Voluntary Measures of International Humanitarian Relief Actors
    a Reparation Claims
    b Suspension and Withdrawal of Relief
 3 Dispute Resolution
  B Action Undertaken by Third Parties to the Conflict
   1 Mediation
   2 UN Sanctions Regimes
   3 Investigation and Criminal Prosecution

6 The Obligations and Rights of International Humanitarian Relief Actors
 I Obligations
  A Respect for the Principles of Humanitarian Action
  1 Impartiality and Humanity
  2 Neutrality and Independence
  B Refrain from Direct Participation in Armed Hostilities
  C Notify Movements
 II Rights: Unimpeded Passage and Freedom of Movement
 III Consequences of Non-Compliance
  A Denial of Passage and Freedom of Movement
  B Loss of Protective Status
  C Arrest, Detention, Prosecution and Expulsion


Author Index
Subject Index

Humanitarian (legal) professionals, frontline humanitarian negotiators, policy-makers, (academic) think-tanks and development institutes.
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