The Awakening of Faith and New Confucian Philosophy

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This innovative volume demonstrates how and to what ends the writings of Xiong Shili, Ma Yifu, Tang Junyi and Mou Zongsan adopted and repurposed conceptual models derived from the Buddhist text Treatise on Awakening Mahāyāna Faith. It shows which of the philosophical positions defended by these New Confucian philosophers were developed and sustained through engagement with the critical challenges advanced by scholars who attacked the Treatise. It also examines the extent to which twentieth-century New Confucians were aware of their intellectual debt to the Treatise and explains how they reconciled this awareness with their Confucian identity.

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John Makeham, PhD (1992), The Australian National University, is Professor Emeritus at that university and also at La Trobe University; recent publications include an annotated translation (with others) of the Treatise on Awakening Mahāyāna Faith (OUP, 2019).
"The idea that Buddhism played a key role in the development of New Confucianism has long prevailed in academia, but it is not until recent years that such an idea has been critically studied through a series of monographs, mainly published by Brill. This book is one of the excellent works concerning such an important topic... This edited book does a great job of investigating the complex subject of the relationships between the Treatise on Awakening Mahayana Faith and New Confucianism. Drawing a clearer conclusion on this complicated topic will therefore become possible in the future, based on the finding of this excellent book."
- King Pong Chiu, Philosophy East & West, Vol. 72, No. 3, July 2022.

"The volume comprises 10 excellent chapters on the subject matter that have been written with a careful, discerning, and honed academic style. Although the text might strike the novice as somewhat difficult to follow at times, it is well worth the time of those keen on getting closer to the true face of how different religious and philosophical traditions, which are not infrequently confrontational to each other, ultimately cannot help but mutually enhance each other in terms of strategies of argumentation as well as expressive techniques."
- Lehel Balogh, Hokkaido University, Religious Studies Review, Vol. 9, No. 1 (March 2023).
Acknowledgements
List of Figures and Tables
Abbreviations
Notes on Contributors
Introduction: The Awakening of Faith and New Confucian Philosophy
John Makeham

1 Setting the Scene: The Different Perspectives of Yang Wenhui and Ouyang Jingwu on the Treatise on Awakening Mahāyāna Faith as an Authoritative Statement of Mahāyāna Doctrine
John Jorgensen

2 Debates over the Buddhist Orthodoxy of the Treatise on Awakening Mahāyāna Faith in the 1920s: The Monk Taixu versus the Layman Wang Enyang
John Jorgensen

3 The Role of the Treatise on Awakening Mahāyāna Faith in the Development of Xiong Shili’s Ti-Yong Metaphysics
Sang Yu 桑雨

4 Xiong Shili and the Treatise on Awakening Mahāyāna Faith as Revealed in Record to Destroy Confusion and Make My Tenets Explicit
John Makeham

5 Xiong Shili’s Ti-Yong Metaphysics and the Treatise on Awakening Mahāyāna Faith’s “One Mind, Two Gateways” Paradigm
John Makeham

6 The “Three Greats,” “Three Changes” and “Six Arts” – Lessons Drawn from the Treatise on Awakening Mahāyāna Faith in Ma Yifu’s New Confucian Thought
Liu Leheng 劉樂恒

7 Being, Seeing, and Believing: Ontological, Epistemological, and Soteriological Commitments in Tang Junyi’s Reading of the Treatise on Awakening Mahāyāna Faith
Ady Van den Stock

8 “Authentic Feeling” and the “Two Gateways” and “Three Greats”: Tang Junyi and the Treatise on Awakening Mahāyāna Faith
Liu Leheng 劉樂恒

9 The Supreme Penultimate: The Treatise on Awakening Mahāyāna Faith According to Mou Zongsan
Jason T. Clower

10 The Treatise on Awakening Mahāyāna Faith and Philosophy of Subjectivity in Modern East Asia: An Investigation Centered on the Debate between the China Institute of Inner Learning and the New Confucians
Lin Chen-kuo 林鎮國
Specialists and post-graduate students in East Asian Buddhist philosophy and religious studies; modern Chinese philosophy; Confucian philosophy.
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