The Medical Works of Moses Maimonides: New English Translations based on the Critical Editions of the Arabic Manuscripts

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This edition contains the collected English translations of the series The Medical Works of Moses Maimonides (17 vols., 2002–2021) that were published by Gerrit Bos in parallel critical editions along with the original Arabic texts. The collection offers three main medical treatises by Maimonides (1138–1204) (Medical Aphorisms; Commentary on Hippocrates’ Aphorisms; On Poisons and the Protection against Lethal Drugs and six minor ones (On Coitus; On the Regimen of Health; On the Elucidation of Some Symptoms and the Response to Them; On Hemorrhoids; On Asthma; On Rules Regarding the Practical Part of the Medical Art, presented for the first time in one harmonized volume, supplemented by indexes of diseases, medicinal ingredients, and quoted physicians.

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Gerrit Bos (Ph.D. 1989) is Professor Emeritus of Jewish Studies at the University of Cologne, Germany. He has widely published in the fields of Jewish studies, Islamic studies, and medieval science and medicine in Arabic and Hebrew texts.
Preface

Introduction

1 On Asthma
Chapter One: On the best regimen in general
Chapter Two: On the provision of rules concerning the foods to be eaten or avoided in relation to this disease
Chapter Three: On the different kinds of food that should be avoided or consumed, selected from those foods that are readily available and common among us
Chapter Four: On the composition of different dishes which are beneficial in this disease
Chapter Five: On the quantity of food
Chapter Six: On the times of day for the consumption of food
Chapter Seven: On beverages
Chapter Eight: On the proper regimen in connection with the air and movements of the soul
Chapter Nine: On the proper regimen for retention and evacuation
Chapter Ten: On the proper regimen regarding sleep and waking, bathing, massage, and sexual intercourse
Chapter Eleven: On the provision of rules for the treatment of this disease
Chapter Twelve: On the composition of drugs necessary for every different kind of this disease, according to the scope of this treatise
Chapter Thirteen: On the provision of rules, few in number but of great help for people in general, concerning the regimen of health and the healing of diseases; in hortatory form

2 On Poisons and the Protection against Lethal Drugs
The First Chapter of the First Part: Concerning the regimen of someone bitten in general
The Second Chapter of the First Part: Concerning the simple and compound topical remedies that are put on the site of the bite
The Third Chapter of the First Part: Concerning the simple remedies that are beneficial for the bite of all kinds of vermin
The Fourth Chapter of the First Part: On the compound remedies beneficial against bites and stings
The Fifth Chapter of the First Part: Concerning the specific treatment of someone bitten by a certain animal
The Sixth Chapter of the First Part: Concerning the foods to be given to bite victims in general and in particular, and certain remedies with specific properties which are fitting for this purpose
The First Chapter of the Second Part: On the prophylaxis against deadly poisons
The Second Chapter of the Second Part: Concerning the regimen in general of someone who took a deadly poison or who suspects that he took it
The Third Chapter of the Second Part: Concerning the simple and compound remedies that are generally beneficial for someone who took poison
The Fourth Chapter of the Second Part: On the regimen for someone who knows which poison he took

3 On Hemorrhoids
Chapter One: A general discussion of the improvement of the digestions
Chapter Two: On the food from which one should refrain because of this illness
Chapter Three: On the foods that one should aim for because of this illness
Chapter Four: On the simple and compound drugs that one should regularly take
Chapter Five: On topical remedies which should be taken repeatedly as well
Chapter Six: On that which one should rely upon when this disease flares up
Chapter Seven: On the fumigations that should be prescribed for this illness

4 On Rules Regarding the Practical Part of the Medical Art

5 Medical Aphorisms
The First Treatise: Containing aphorisms concerning the subject of the medical art, by which I mean the form of the organs of the human body and their functions and faculties
The Second Treatise: Containing aphorisms concerning the humors
The Third Treatise: Containing aphorisms concerning the principles of the art and general rules
The Fourth Treatise: Containing aphorisms concerning the pulse and the prognostic signs to be derived from it
The Fifth Treatise: Containing aphorisms concerning the prognostic signs to be derived from the urine
The Sixth Treatise: Containing aphorisms concerning the other prognostic signs
The Seventh Treatise: Containing aphorisms concerning the causes of diseases which are often not known or which are discussed in a confused way
The Eighth Treatise: Containing aphorisms concerning the correct regimen for the healing of diseases in general
The Ninth Treatise: Containing aphorisms concerning specific diseases
The Tenth Treatise: Containing aphorisms concerning fevers
The Eleventh Treatise: Containing aphorisms concerning the periods and crisis of a disease
The Twelfth Treatise: Containing aphorisms concerning evacuation by means of bloodletting
The Thirteenth Treatise: Containing aphorisms concerning evacuations by means of purgatives and enemas
The Fourteenth Treatise: Containing aphorisms concerning vomiting
The Fifteenth Treatise: Containing aphorisms concerning surgery
The Sixteenth Treatise: Containing aphorisms concerning women
The Seventeenth Treatise: Containing aphorisms concerning the regimen of health in general
The Eighteenth Treatise: Containing aphorisms concerning physical exercise
The Nineteenth Treatise: Containing aphorisms concerning bathing
The Twentieth Treatise: Containing aphorisms concerning foods, beverages, and their consumption
The Twenty-First Treatise: Containing aphorisms concerning drugs
The Twenty-Second Treatise: Containing aphorisms concerning the specific properties of remedies
The Twenty-Third Treatise: Containing aphorisms concerning the differences between well-known diseases and the elucidation of technical terms that are well known to the physicians but whose exact meanings are sometimes unknown to them
The Twenty-Fourth Treatise: Containing curiosities, which feature and are related in the medical books, and unusual, rare occurrences
The Twenty-fifth Treatise: Containing some doubts that befell me concerning Galen’s words

6 On Coitus

7 On the Regimen of Health
Chapter One: On the regimen of health in general, with respect to all people, in a few words
Chapter Two: On the regimen of sick people in general, when no physician can be found, or when the available physician is such that one cannot rely upon his knowledge
Chapter Three: On the regimen of my Master in particular, according to the symptoms he complains about
Chapter Four: Consisting of sections in the form of hortatory rules that are useful in general and in particular for healthy and sick people in all places and all times

8 On the Elucidation of Some Symptoms and the Response to Them (Formerly Known as On the Causes of Symptoms)

9 Commentary on Hippocrates’ Aphorisms
The First Part of the Commentary on Hippocrates’ Aphorisms
The Second Part of the Commentary on Hippocrates’ Aphorisms
The Third Part of the Commentary on Hippocrates’ Aphorisms
The Fourth Part of the Commentary on Hippocrates’ Aphorisms
The Fifth Part of the Commentary on Hippocrates’ Aphorisms
The Sixth Part of the Commentary on Hippocrates’ Aphorisms
The Seventh Part of the Commentary on Hippocrates’ Aphorisms

Glossary of Technical Terms
Glossary of Weights and Measures
Sigla
Index of Quoted Physicians, Philosophers, and Their Works
Index of Diseases and Afflictions
Index of Medicinal Products, Dishes, and Their Ingredients and Components (Including Poisons)
All interested in the works of Moses Maimonides, medieval medicine in general, and the transmission of scientific knowledge in premodern times.
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