Mapping Travel

The Origins and Conventions of Western Journey Maps

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Author: Jordana Dym
More often than not, readers of travel narratives can expect to find at least one map—if not several—showing, as English privateer William Dampier wrote, “the Course of the Voyage,” that is, where the author-traveler went and, implicitly, a sense of what was seen and experienced. Dampier used a now-common cartographic strategy to tell the story from beginning to end as well as around significant places on the way by marking the journey with a ‘pricked’ line. Despite the lines’ popularity and present ubiquity, the complex intellectual and material process of considering travel as a continuum rather than as a series of stops along the way and of plotting a journey onto a map have attracted relatively little academic attention. Drawing on a thousand years of European travel writing and map-making, Jordana Dym suggests that after centuries of text-based itineraries and on-the-spot directions guiding travelers and constituting their reports, maps in the fifteenth century emerged as tools for Europeans to support and report the results of land and sea travel. Called in subsequent centuries 'route maps,' 'itinerary maps,' and 'travel maps,' often interchangeably, what Dym defines as journey maps added lines of travel to show where travelers had been. Sine their emergence, most have taken one of two forms: itinerary maps, which connected stages as points with a line, and route maps, which tracked unbroken lines between endpoints. In the seventeenth century, the conventions of journey mapping were codified and increasingly incorporated into travel writing and other genres that represented individual travel. With each succeeding generation, these linear journey maps have become increasingly common and complex, responding to changes in forms of transportation, such as air and motor car ‘flight’ and print technology, especially the advent of multi-color printing. This is their story.

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Jordana Dym is Professor of History at Skidmore College, USA. She is the author of From Sovereign Villages to National States: City, State and Federation in Central America, 1759-1839 (2006), co-editor with Karl Offen of Mapping Latin America (2011), and has published articles and book chapters in French, English and Spanish.

Mapping Travel: The Origins and Conventions of Western Journey Maps
Jordana Dym

Abstract
Keywords
 Introduction
 1 Travel Writing and Mapping: Definitions and Sources
 2 Historiography
 3 Before the Line: Points and Lists
 4 Early Journey Maps: From Implicit to Explicit Lines
 5 Conventions of the Journey Map: Lines, Space and Time
 6 Journey Maps in the Eighteenth Century: Up and Down the Line
 7 Journey Maps in the Steam Age: Retracings, Erasure and Colored Lines
 8 The Leap from the Page to the Screen
 Conclusion
 Acknowledgments
 References