Al-Fārābī and Avicenna are the two most influential authors of the classical period of Arabic philosophy, yet their ethical thought has been largely overlooked by scholars. In this book, Janne Mattila provides the first comprehensive account of the ethics of these important philosophers. The book argues that even if neither of them wrote a major ethical work, their ethical writings form a coherent ethical system, especially when understood in the context of philosophical psychology, cosmology, and metaphysics. The resulting ethical theory is, moreover, not derivative of their classical predecessors in any simple way. The book will appeal to those with interest in Arabic/Islamic philosophy, Islamic intellectual history, classical philosophy, and the history of moral philosophy.
Janne Mattila, Ph.D. (2011, University of Helsinki), is a researcher of the history of Arabic philosophy. He is currently working in the ERC project "The Origin and Early Development of Philosophy in Tenth-Century al-Andalus" at the Université catholique de Louvain.
Introduction 1 Aim of the Book 2 Classical Sources of Arabic Ethics 3 Aristotle 4 Plato and Galen 5 Neoplatonism 6 Conception of Ethics
Part 1 Happiness
1 Final End 1 Al-Fārābī 2 Avicenna
2 Function Argument 1 Al-Fārābī 2 Avicenna
3 Pleasure 1 Al-Fārābī 2 Avicenna
4 Theoretical Perfection 1 Al-Fārābī 2 Avicenna
5 Ascent 1 Al-Fārābī 2 Avicenna
6 Afterlife 1 Al-Fārābī 2 Avicenna
Part 2 Virtue
7 Virtue and Happiness 1 Al-Fārābī 2 Avicenna
8 Theory of Virtue 1 Al-Fārābī 2 Avicenna
9 Virtue and Rationality 1 Al-Fārābī 2 Avicenna
10 Moral Progression 1 Al-Fārābī 2 Avicenna
Scholars, students, and educated laymen interested in Arabic/Islamic philosophy, Islamic intellectual history, Islamic ethics, the later influence of Greek philosophy, and the history of ethics.