Humanism, Universities, and Jesuit Education in Late Renaissance Italy


This book contains twenty essays on Italian Renaissance humanism, universities, and Jesuit education by one of its most distinguished living historians, Paul. F. Grendler. The first section of the book opens with defining Renaissance humanism, followed by explorations of biblical humanism and humanistic education in Venice. It concludes with essays on two pioneering historians of humanism, Georg Voigt and Paul Oskar Kristeller. The middle section discusses Italian universities, the sports played by university students, a famous law professor, and the controversy over the immortality of the soul. The last section analyzes Jesuit education: the culture of the Jesuit teacher, the philosophy curriculum, attitudes toward Erasmus and Juan Luis Vives, and the education of a cardinal.
This volume collects Paul Grendler's most recent research (published and unpublished), offering to the reader a broad fresco on a complex and crucial age in the history of education.

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Paul F. Grendler, Professor Emeritus of History, University of Toronto, is the author of twelve books and editor-in-chief of the Encyclopedia of the Renaissance. He has received the Galileo Prize, the Paul Oskar Kristeller Lifetime Achievement Award, and the George E. Ganss S.J. Award.
“As in all Professor Grendler’s work his essays are a model of lucidity and thorough research.”
Alastair Hamilton, The Warburg Institute, London. In: Church History and Religious Culture, Vol. 103, No. 1 (2023), pp. 108–110.


List of Illustrations



part 1
1Humanism: Ancient Learning, Criticism, Schools, and Universities
 1 The Historiography of Humanism

 2 Classical Learning and Criticism

 3 Schools and Universities

2Georg Voigt: Historian of Humanism
 1 Education and Career

 2 Die Wiederbelebung

 3 Influence

 4 Conclusion

3Italian Biblical Humanism and the Papacy 1515–1535
 1 Four Christian Hebraists

 2 Two Curial Cardinals

 3 The Role of the Papacy

 4 Conclusion

4Education in the Republic of Venice
 1 Medieval Background

 2 The Renaissance Expansion of Schooling

 3 Catholic Reformation Schooling

 4 The Reforms of the 1770s

 5 Jewish Schooling

 6 Conclusion

5The Humanistic Gymnasium from Humboldt to Kristeller
 1 Bildung and the Humanistic Gymnasium

 2 Paul Oskar Kristeller at the Mommsen Gymnasium

 3 Conclusion

part 2
6Paul Oskar Kristeller on Renaissance Universities
 1 Early Interest in Universities

 2 Publications 1945 through 1956

 3 A Book on the “Intellectual History of the Italian Universities to 1600”

 4 “The Curriculum of the Italian Universities”

 5 Debates with Other Scholars

 6 Theology in Italian Universities

 7 The University of Heidelberg

 8 Other Studies

 9 Conclusion

7Studies on the Italian Universities of the Renaissance An Unpublished Work of Paul Oskar Kristeller. Introduced and Edited by Paul F. Grendler

8Italian Universities and War 1494–1630
 1 The University of Pavia and War

 2 The Movements of Professors and Students Because of War

 3 Conclusion

9Gasparo Contarini and the University of Padua

10Fencing, Playing Ball, and Dancing in Italian Renaissance Universities
 1 The Students

 2 Lo scolare of Annibale Roero

 3 Fencing

 4 Playing Ball

 5 Dancing

 6 Conclusion

11On the Causes of the Greatness and Magnificence of Italian Universities
 1 Conclusion

12Giacomo Antonio Marta: Antipapal Lawyer and English Spy 1609–1618
 1 Civil and Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction

 2 A Spy for James I

 3 The Supplicatio ad Imperatorem … Contra Paulum Quintum

 4 Conclusion

13Apostolici Regiminis Sollicitudo: Italian Preachers Defend the Immortality of the Soul
 1 Apostolici Regiminis Sollicitudo

 2 The Italian University Response

 3 Preachers Against False Philosophy: Cornelio Musso

 4 Franceschino Visdomini and Girolamo Seripando

 5 Francesco Panigarola

 6 Conclusion

part 3
Jesuit Education
14Laínez and the Schools in Europe
 1 Before 1556

 2 Growth of the Schools

 3 The Teacher Shortage

 4 The Schools Are the Most Important Ministry

 5 The Formula for Accepting Colleges

 6 Other Actions

 7 Conclusion

15Philosophy in Jesuit Schools and Universities
 1 The Development of the Philosophical Cursus

 2 Teachers and Schools

 3 Conflicts with Universities

16The Culture of the Jesuit Teacher 1548–1773
 1 All Jesuits Will Teach

 2 Leader and Manager of the Classroom

 3 The Culture of Competition

 4 Jesuit Civic Humanism

 5 Teacher of the Elite

 6 The Jesuit Teacher Cares for Poor and Weak Students

 7 Conclusion

17The Attitudes of the Jesuits toward Juan Luis Vives
 1 Ignatius of Loyola and Vives

 2 After Ignatius

 3 Conclusion

18The Attitudes of the Jesuits toward Erasmus
 1 Should Jesuit Schools Teach the Works of Erasmus?

 2 The Generalate of Diego Laínez 1556–1565

 3 After the Indexes

 4 The Final Destination of the Works of Erasmus

 5 Conclusion

19Fifteenth-Century Catechesis, the Schools of Christian Doctrine, and the Jesuits
 1 Youth Confraternities Teaching Christian Doctrine in the Fifteenth Century

 2 Fifteenth-Century Catechisms

 3 The Milanese Schools of Christian Doctrine

 4 The Missing Jesuits

 5 Jesuit Catechesis

 6 Conclusion

20The Jesuit Education of Benedetto Pamphilj at the Collegio Romano

Index 495

Anyone interested in the Italian Renaissance, humanism, the history of education, universities, and the Jesuits.
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