Education, Language and the Intellectual Underpinnings of Modern Korea, 1875-1945


Education, the production of knowledge, identity formation, and ideological hegemony are inextricably linked in early modern and modern Korea. This study examines the production and consumption of knowledge by a multitude of actors and across languages, texts, and disciplines to analyze the formulation, contestation, and negotiation of knowledge. The production and dissemination of knowledge become sites for contestation and struggle—sometimes overlapping, at other times competing—resulting in a shift from a focus on state power and its control over knowledge and discourse to an analysis of local processes of knowledge production and the roles local actors play in them. Contributors are Daniel Pieper, W. Scott Wells, Yong-Jin Hahn, Furukawa Noriko, Lim Sang Seok, Kokubu Mari, Mark Caprio, Deborah Solomon, and Yoonmi Lee.

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Andrew Hall, Ph.D. (2003), University of Pittsburgh, is an Associate Professor of history at Kyushu University. His scholarship focuses on Japanese colonial education in China and Korea, including “First Steps towards Assimilation: Japanese-Run Education in Korea, 1905-1910,” (Acta Koreana, 2015).

Leighanne Yuh, Ph.D. (2008), University of California at Los Angeles, is an Associate Professor of Korean History at Korea University. Her primary research interest is in intellectual and educational history in the periods of nation-building (late Chosŏn and Open Ports, roughly 1876-1910) and the colonial era and she has published numerous articles on this topic, including, “Korean Female Education, Social Status, and Early Transitions, 1898-1910,” (Korea Journal, 2021).
List of Figures and Tables
Notes on Contributors

Introduction: Knowledge Production in the Struggle for Power and State Formation in Korea, 1875–1945
Andrew Hall and Leighanne Yuh

Part 1: Education and Language Issues in Late Chosŏn

1 Linguistic Modernity, Education, and Nationalizing the Vernacular in Pre-colonial Korea: Divergences between Western Missionary and Indigenous Discourses
Daniel Pieper

2 Legitimizing Literary Sinitic in Korea’s Pre-colonial Classroom: Yŏ Kyuhyŏng and the Publication of Hanmunhak kyogwasŏ
W. Scott Wells

3 Late Nineteenth-Century Modern Education in Korea: The State, Ideology, and Moral Education
Leighanne Yuh

4 Official Foreign Language Schools in Korea, 1894–1906
Yong-Jin Hahn

Part 2: Japanese Colonial Education: Plans, Schools, and Textbooks

5 Japan’s Education Policies in Korea in the 1910s: “Thankful and Obedient”
Andrew Hall

6 The Construction of Elementary Education in Early Colonial Korea: Non-compulsory Education and Japan’s Dissemination of Schools
Furukawa Noriko

7 Korean Language Textbooks, 1895–1932: Mixed Script, Hanmun, and Colonization
Lim Sang-Seok

8 History Education in Colonial-Era Korea: The Rise and Fall of Chōsen Jireki as Local History
Kokubu Mari

Part 3: Korean Responses to Colonial Rule

9 Korean Reactions to Japanese Education Policy under Cultural Rule, 1920–1931
Mark E. Caprio

10 “The Spirit of Our Students, Our Children!”: Korean Student Identity and the 1919 March First Movement in The Grass Roof and The Yalu Flows
Deborah B. Solomon

11 Christianity, Western Modernity, and the “Third Space” in Colonial Korea: The US-Educated Elite and the Quest for Democracy
Yoonmi Lee

Scholars and students of 19th and 20th century Korea and Japan. Also historians, linguists and those studying education.
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