Why write a book about science, technology, and medicine in Lisbon? No one questions the value of similar studies of European capital cities such as Paris or London, but they are not reflective of the norm. Alongside its unique characteristics, Lisbon more closely represents the rule and deserves attention as such. This book offers the first urban history of science, technology and medicine in Lisbon, 1840–1940. It addresses the hybrid character of a European port city, scientific capital and imperial metropolis. It discusses the role of science, technology, and medicine in the making of Lisbon, framed by the analysis of invisibilities, urban connections, and techno-scientific imaginaries. The book is accompanied by a virtual interactive map.
Ana Simões, Ph.D. (1993), University of Maryland at College Park, USA, is Full Professor of History of Science at the Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon, and Vice-President of the ESHS (2020-22). Recent publications include Gardens and Human Agency in the Anthropocene (Routledge, 2019).
Maria Paula Diogo, Ph.D. (1994), NOVA University, Portugal. She is Full Professor of History of Technology at NOVA School of Science and Technology. She is Leonardo da Vinci Medal (SHOT, 2020). Recent publications include Inventing a European Nation. Engineers for Portugal, from Baroque to Fascism (Morgan and Claypool, 2021).
List of Illustrations
Notes on Contributors
Ana Simões and Maria Paula Diogo
Part 1. The Fabric of the City
Introduction to Part 1
Maria Paula Diogo, Ana Simões
1. Paving the City and Urban Evolution: Science, Technology and Craftsmanship Under Our Feet
2. Trees, Nurseries, Tree-lined Streets and the Making of Modern Lisbon (1840-1886)
Ana Duarte Rodrigues
3. Working-class Neighborhoods in Lisbon: Republican Hygienist policies, and the Circulation of Workers and Capital
Maria Paula Diogo and Ana Simões
4. Crossing Urban and Transport Expertise to Pave Lisbon’s Future Urban Sprawl (1930s-1940s)
M. Luísa Sousa
Part 2. Port City and Imperial Metropolis
Introduction to Part 2
Maria Paula Diogo, Ana Simões 5. Hybrid Features at Lisbon’s New Lazaretto (1860-1908) José Carlos Avelãs Nunes
6. The Customs Laboratory of Lisbon from the 1880s to the 1930s: Chemistry, Trade and Scientific Spaces Ignacio Suay-Matallana
7. Lisbon After Quarantines: Urban Protection Against International Diseases Celia Miralles-Buil
8. The Colonial Garden and the Colonial Agricultural Museum: Education, Research and “Tropical Illusion” in the Imperial Metropolis Cláudia Castelo
9. Urbanising the History of “Discoveries:” The 1940 Portuguese World Exhibition and the Making of a New Imperial Capital Antonio Sanchez and Carlos Godinho
Part 3. The Daily Life in the City
Introduction to Part 3 Maria Paula Diogo, Ana Simões
10. A Liberal Garden: The Estrela Garden and the Meaning of Being Public Ana Duarte Rodrigues and Ana Simões
11. Allies or Enemies? Dogs in the Streets of Lisbon in the Second Half of the Nineteenth-Century Inês Gomes
12. Intellectuals and the City: Private Matters in the Public Space Daniel Gamito-Marques
13. Working Class Universities: Itinerant Spaces for Science, Technology and Medicine in Republican Lisbon Ana Simões and Maria Paula Diogo
14. A Fascist Coney Island? Salazar's Dictatorship, Popular Culture and Technological Fun (1933-1943) Jaume Valentines-Alvarez and Jaume Sastre-Juan
Supplement. Historical Urban Cartography of Lisbon João Machado
Bibliographical References Index
Anyone who is interested in Portugal, especially related to Lisbon topics. Historians; Historians of science, technology and medicine; Urban historians; Urban designers; Architects; Graduate students; Teachers. University libraries.