Higher Education in Ethiopia

Themes and Issues from an African Perspective


This book examines the Ethiopian higher education sector through an exploration of its various dimensions, challenges and prospects. Albeit one of the largest systems in the continent, the sector has received little research attention in the past. The book bridges this gap by marshalling a variety of current themes and issues with their wider implications for continental and global higher education. The chapters are structured in such a way that general readers, professionals and students of higher education can have a good grasp of the Ethiopian higher education sector as a microcosm of the African higher education ecosystem.

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Wondwosen Tamrat, PhD (Higher Education), is Associate Professor at St. Mary’s University in Ethiopia. He has published many articles and books on Ethiopian and African higher education, including The Evolving Quality Assurance System in Ethiopia (2012), The Bloomsbury Handbook of the Internationalization of Higher Education in the Global South (co-editor, 2021) and The Private Provision of Higher Education in Africa (forthcoming).
Series Editors’ Preface
List of Acronyms
About the Authors

PART 1: Access and Equity

1 Linking Female Students’ Access to Success

2 Gender Parity and the Leaking Pipeline

3 Disability in Higher Education: From Policy to Practice

4 Responding to the Needs of Eritrean Refugees in Ethiopia

5 A New Refugee Law: Implications for Higher Education

6 Closing the Gender Gap in Higher Education Leadership

7 Perpetuating Inequity Despite Higher Education Expansion

PART 2: HE Governance and Management

8 Government-University Relations: A Troubled Marriage

9 The Shifting Sands of University Management in Ethiopia

10 Do Students Have a Say in University Governance?

11 University Boards: Visibility, Efficiency and Accountability

12 Towards More Achievable University Vision Statements

13 What Next for a Partially Differentiated Higher Education System?

PART 3: University Systems and Resources

14 HE Financing Reforms – Intentions and Realities

15 Challenges of Ensuring Quality Education

16 Towards a Uniform System of Academic Promotion

17 Imperatives for a Functioning Information System at HEI s

18 University Resources: Imperatives for Efficient Utilization

19 Unlocking the Potential of ICT in Higher Education

PART 4: Private Higher Education and Privatization

20 Emerging Contours of African Private Higher Education

21 Unusual in Growth and Composition: Ethiopian Private Higher Education

22 Family Owned PHEI s in Africa

23 African Private Higher Education: Progressive Policies and Ambivalent Stances

24 Overcoming the Public-Private Divide in HE Law

25 Perils of Unregulated Privatization in Public Universities

26 Improving the Knowledge Base on Private Higher Education

PART 5: Quality Assurance in Higher Education

27 Towards a Diversified System of Quality Assurance

28 Beyond the Establishment of Quality Assurance Agencies

29 Internal Quality Assurance: Key to Maintaining Quality

30 From Gate Keepers to Gate Crashers: Corruption among University Faculty

31 The Scourge of Unscrupulous Private HE Institutions

32 Academic Credential Fraud: In Search of Lasting Solutions

PART 6: Internationalization of Higher Education

33 Disparities and Parallels in Internationalization: The Ethiopian Experience

34 Medical Education and the Ethiopian Exodus of Talent

35 Foreign HE Outposts: Navigating Risks and Opportunities

36 Foreign Qualification and Credential Evaluation

37 Cross-Border Higher Education: Regulating the Benefits and Risks

38 The Challenges of Attracting and Retaining Foreign Faculty

39 Internationalization Now a Deliberate Undertaking

PART 7: Research and Outreach

40 Towards a More Productive and Aligned Research System

41 Catalyzing R&D: The Need for More Government Funding

42 The Meager Output of Ethiopian PhDs

43 Increasing the Visibility of Local Journals

44 Towards a National System of Journal Accreditation

45 Re-Engaging with Community Service in Universities

46 University-Industry Ties: The Need for Good Management

PART 8: The Link between TVET and Higher Education

47 When TVET Fails to Provide the Answers

48 Universities vs TVET: Are Attitudes the Problem?

49 Applied Universities: A Viable Path to Higher Education

50 The TVET Sector’s Challenge to Recruit, Retain Competent Trainers

51 Gains and Challenges for Women in the TVET Sector

PART 9: Graduate Employability

52 Education and the Workplace: Addressing the Yawning Gap

53 Graduate Employability: Whose Responsibility?

54 Producing Work-Ready Graduates Requires Strong Partnerships

55 Job Creation Plan: What Role for Higher Education?

56 Employment Gender Gap also a Higher Education Issue

57 Students Face Challenges on Route to Self-Employment

58 Advancing Employability through a Labor Market Information System

PART 10: COVID-19 and Its Impact on Higher Education

59 COVID-19 Threat to Higher Education: Africa’s Challenges, Responses, and Apprehensions

60 COVID-19 – Private Higher Education Faces Precarious Future

61 The Shift to Online Learning Calls for Global Cooperation

62 Stemming the Impact of COVID-19 on Employment

63 Defying the Notion of the Ivory Tower in the Aftermath of COVID-19

While the book can attract general readers, it is of significant interest to researchers, academics and post-graduate students of higher education in Africa and beyond.
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