On Simples, Attributed to Dioscorides

Introduction, Translation, Concordances


On Simples, a medicinal text of the first century A.D., is attributed in the manuscripts to the famous Dioscorides. In a remarkable piece of detective work, Professor Fitch establishes that its alphabetical sequences of medications, ignored by earlier scholars, are conclusive proof that the attribution cannot be correct. He also shows that these sequences provide evidence about the content of earlier, now lost, works, including perhaps the Rhizotomikon of Crateus. This is the first English translation of On Simples. With its exhaustive concordances and indices, it will make the work accessible to readers interested in ancient medicine, and will facilitate future research.

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John G. Fitch, Ph.D. (Cornell 1974), is Professor Emeritus of the University of Victoria. He has published monographs, translations and articles on Greco-Roman literature, with a special interest in Senecan drama. His books include Annaeana Tragica (Brill 2004).
 1 The Nature of the Work
 2 Title and Focus: On Simples or Euporista?
 3 Sources and Compilation (1): An Alphabetical Source
 4 Sources and Compilation (2): Additions to the Alphabetical Source
 5 Relationship to Dioscorides
 6 The Compiler
 7 Date
 8 Earlier Scholarship
 9 Future Research
 10 Identifications of Plants
 11 This Translation

Weights and Measures

On Simples

Book 1: External Medicine
Head (1–28)
Eyes (29–53)
Ears (54–65)
Teeth and Gums (66–77)
Mouth and Throat (78–88)
Hair (89–98)
Skin of Head and Body (99–124)
Breasts (125–131)
Testicles (132–134)
Swellings and Tumours (135–153)
Wounds (154–159)
Skin Conditions (160–170)
Lesions (171–197)
Haemorrhages (198–201)
Anus (202–217)
Sinews and Joints (218–235)

Book 2: Internal Medicine
Stomach and Abdomen (1–17)
Fevers (18–28)
Lungs and Chest (29–41)
Intestines (42–57)
Gall-Bladder, Liver and Spleen (58–66)
Parasitic Worms (68–70)
Reproductive Organs (71–105)
Kidneys and Bladder (106–119)
Poisonous Bites and Stings (120–138)
Other Poisons (Chiefly Ingested) (139–168)

Concordances, Appendices, Indices

Concordance of Medications 1: English—Greek
Concordance of Medications 2: Greek—English
Appendix 1: Divergences from Wellmann’s Greek Text
Appendix 2: Textual Notes
Appendix 3: Alphabetical Sequences
Index of Ailments and Body Parts
Index of Medications
General Index
Institutes, Academic libraries, specialists, post-graduate students, those interested in the history of medicine, practitioners of herbal medicine.
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