Moravian Americans and their Neighbors, 1772-1822


American Moravians and their Neighbors, 1772-1822, edited by Ulrike Wiethaus and Grant McAllister, offers an interdisciplinary examination of Moravian Americanization in the Early Republic. With an eye toward the communities that surrounded Moravian settlements in the Southeast, the contributors examine cultural, social, religious, and artistic practices of exchange and imposition framed by emergent political structures that encased social privilege and marginalization.
Through their multidisciplinary approach, the authors convincingly argue that Moravians encouraged assimilation, converged with core values and political forces of the Early Republic, but also contributed uniquely Moravian innovations. Residual, newly dominant, and increasingly subjugated discourses among Moravians, other European settlers, Indigenous nations and free and enslaved communities of color established the foundations of a new Moravian American identity.

Contributors include: Craig D. Atwood, David Bergstone, David Blum, Stewart Carter, Martha B. Hartley, Geoffrey R. Hughes, Winelle Kirton-Roberts, Grant P. McAllister, Thomas J. McCullough, Paul Peucker, Charles D. Rodenbough, John Ruddiman, Jon F. Sensbach, Larry E. Tise, Riddick Weber, and Ulrike Wiethaus.

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Ulrike Wiethaus is professor emerita at Wake Forest University. Her research interests focus on the history of Christian spirituality with an emphasis on gender justice and political history, and most recently, historic trauma and the long-term impact of US colonialism.

Grant Profant McAllister, Jr. is an associate professor of German literature and a Levison Faculty Fellow at Wake Forest University. His research interests focus on eighteenth century aesthetic theory, romanticism, and subjectivity and most recently, on Moravian communities in the early years of the Republic.
List of Illustrations
Notes on Contributors

1 Introduction: Southern Moravians, Their Neighbors, and Processes of Americanization in the Early Republic
Grant Profant McAllister and Ulrike Wiethaus

PART 1: Foundations

2 The American Plan of Zinzendorf and Spangenberg
Craig Atwood
3 The Transformation of Wachovia: From Anglican Protectorate to Moravian Preserve
Larry E. Tise
4 Black People - White God: Moravianism and the “Cultural Purification” of the Afro-Caribbean in Antigua and Tobago
Winelle Kirton-Roberts
5 An Archives of Truth: Moravian Recordkeeping and Archival Selection
Paul Peucker

PART 2: Convergences

6 Traugott Bagge as a Historian of the American Revolution
John A. Ruddiman
7 Early Performances of Haydn’s Creation in the American South: The Moravian Connection
Stewart Carter
8 From Innovation to Imposition: Changing Understandings of the Single Sisters Choir in Salem from 1772–1822
Riddick Weber
9 “The Spirit of Freedom in the Land”: From Immigrants to Americans in the Moravian Experience
Jon Sensbach

PART 3: Innovations

10 Moravians and the Celebration of American Figures and Holidays, 1776–1826
Thomas J. McCullough
11 Moravian Architecture Becomes Southern
David Bergstone
12 The Americanization of Moravian Music: An Examination of the Salem Manuscript Books
David Blum
13 Becoming American in Salem’s Congregation Pottery
Geoffrey Hughes

PART 4: Segregation

14 The Changing Landscape of Slavery in Salem and its Legacy
Martha Hartley
15 Rejection of the Baptized: Moravians and Slavery
Charles D. Rodenbough
16 The Moravian Easter Morning Services from 1772–1822: Easter and the Birth of American-Moravian Identity
Grant Profant McAllister
17 Becoming American at the Moravian Missions in Springplace and Oothcaloga
Ulrike Wiethaus

Scholars of US South and Early Republic, religious studies, Moravian history; museum professionals; undergraduate and graduate students; Moravian Church globally; North Carolina and Southern US educated public; public history groups. Keywords: Early Republic, Moravian settlements, Colonialism, Slavery, Evangelism, Wachovia, Americanization, Music, Art, Architecture, Gender, Cherokee, Afro-Caribbean, American Revolution.
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