The Protection Roles of Human Rights NGOs

Essays in Honour of Adrien-Claude Zoller


This book focuses, for the first time ever, on the protection roles of human rights NGOs since the establishment of the United Nations and the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It also looks at how NGOs are responding to future challenges such as artificial Intelligence, robots in armed conflicts, digital threats, and the protection of human rights in outer space. Written by leading NGO human rights practitioners from different parts of the world, it sheds light on the multiple roles of the leading pillar of the global human rights movement, the Non-Governmental Organizations.

"This is a rich and wonderful production, a great magnum opus that will continue to test the scrutiny of all times"
Professor Theo van Boven, Professor Emeritus Law, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands.

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Bertrand Ramcharan, formerly Professor at the Geneva Graduate Institute, Commissioner of the International Commission of Jurists, has performed the functions of UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.

Rachel Brett, has been Quaker Human Rights Representative to the UN in Geneva for several decades. A leading human rights practitioner, she is presently President of Children of Prisoners Europe (COPE).

Ann Marie Clark, Professor at Purdue University, Indiana, is the author of books on Amnesty International and on Demands for Justice: The Creation of a Global Human Rights Practice.

Penny Parker, a Board member of Geneva for Human Rights, has practised international human rights law for several decades.
"This is a rich and wonderful production, a great magnum opus that will continue to test the scrutiny of all times"
Professor Theo van Boven, Professor Emeritus of Law, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands.



List Figures and Tables


  Bertrand Ramcharan

1 Adrien-Claude Zoller A Tribute
  Alain Dick, Penny Parker, and Bertrand Ramcharan

2 The Role of Nongovernmental Organizations in Developing and Protecting Human Rights
  Ann Marie Clark and Paul Janssen Danyi

3 Protection ngo  s in the Age of Neurotechnology
  Jared Genser and Stephanie Herrmann

4  ngo  s and the Responsibility to Protect
  Kurt Mills

5  ngo  s Powerful Agents of Change
  Fay Y. Parris, Esq. and Simisola M. Adeosun

6 Human Rights Protection in Emergency Situations The Need for Synergy between the Human Rights and Humanitarian Communities
  Laurie S. Wiseberg

7 Civil Society and the UN Human Rights System
  Rosa Freedman and Samuel Gordon

8 Statement By Forty-Six ngo  s on Problems Experienced in the UN Human Rights Council

9 Joint Declaration on Protecting and Supporting Civil Society at Risk

10 The International Commission of Jurists and the UN Human Rights System Advocating for the Progressive Development of International Human Rights Law, Standards and Mechanisms
  Ian Seiderman and Massimo Frigo

11 The Role of Human Rights ngo  s in Strengthening the Protection Mandates of the Human Rights Treaty Bodies
  Anna-Karin Holmlund

12 The Role of an ngo Representative in Advocating for the Responsibility to Protect at the UN
  Christine Caldera, and Elisabeth Pramendorfer

13 The Roles of ngo  s in the UN Human Rights System The Case of South Asian ngo  s
  Samuel Jayakumar

14 African Civil Society and the Struggle for Human Rights
  Bertrand Ramcharan

15  ngo  s in the African Commission The Role of the African Centre for Democracy and Human Rights Studies
  Marshall Conley and Hannah Forster

16  ngo Strategy for Oversight of Human Rights in a Constitutional Regime The Colombian Case before the Commission on Human Rights
  Gustavo Gallon

17 The Guyana Human Rights Association and the Struggle for Justice in Guyana
  Bertrand Ramcharan

18 Reflections of an ngo Advocate on Justice Deficit Systemic Disorder ( jdsd ) as a Threat to the Global Human Rights Project
  Basil Fernando

19 Tibet at the United Nations Perspective of an Eye-Witness
  Christa Meindersma

20 Non-Governmental Organization’s Efforts at the United Nationsto Promote Human Rights in North Korea
  David Hawk

21 Securing the Rights of 65,000 Chakmas and Hajongs in India a Country of 1.4 Billion People
  Suhas Chakma

22 Developing Strategies to Protect ngo Human Rights Defenders
  Roberta Cohen

23 ‘International Memorial’ Human Rights Protection, Public Education, and Historical Truth in Russia
  Tanya Smith

24 Developing an International System for Internally Displaced Persons
  Roberta Cohen

25 The Role of Non-governmental Organisations in Dealing with Enforced and Involuntary Disappearances in Argentina and Chile
  Thomas E. McCarthy

26 Amnesty International’s Policy Submissions to the UN Secretary-General From the Archives

27 Human Rights Watch on Accountability for Past Human Rights Abuses From the Archives

28  ngo  s in Action for Protection Jacob Blaustein Institute Urgent Appeal for a More Robust International Response to Russia’s Invasion of and Human Rights Violations in Ukraine

29 Getting Human Rights into the United Nations Charter Successful ngo  Advocacy at the San Francisco Conference
  Felice Gaer

30  ngo  s and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Recalling William Korey’s Study
  Inès French

31  ngo  s and the Commission on Human Rights The Roots of an Essential Partnership
  John P. Pace

32 At the Service of Human Rights ngo  s and Defenders in the United Nations
  Adrien-Claude Zoller

33 The International Service for Human Rights and the Recognition, Participation and Protection of Human Rights Defenders
  Phil Lynch and Madeleine Sinclair

34  ngo Written Submissions to the UN Commission on Human Rights From the Archives
  Maryna Yazianok

35 “ ngo Involvement Crucial in Promoting Human Rights, UN Official Says” From the Archives

36 Human Rights ngo  s and the U.N. The Canadian Experience
  Daniel Livermore

37  ngo  s’ Contribution to the Work of the Independent Experts
  Emmanuel Decaux

38 Courageous Leaders and ngo Initiatives
  Hans Thoolen

39  ngo  s, the 1993 Vienna World Conference, and the Consolidation of a Global Human Rights Movement Some Personal Recollections
  Christian Strohal

40 The Struggle to Establish Women’s Rights as International Human Rights The Role of Nongovernmental Organizations in Vienna and Beijing
  Felice Gaer

41  ngo  s and the Fight against Discrimination
  Bertrand Ramcharan

42 Indigenous Peoples and the United Nations Challenges and Opportunities
  Claire Moretto and Nicolas Zoller

43 Quaker Human Rights Work at the United Nations Conscientious Objection to Military Service
  Rachel Brett

44 A Campaign for Freedom of Religion or Belief in the United Nations The Experience of the Bahá’í International Community
  Diane Ala’i

45 From the Grassroots to the UN Franciscans Building Bridges
  Cedric Chatenalat

46 The Preventive Role of Human Rights ngo  s
  Bertrand Ramcharan

47 Universal Rights Group’s Advocacy of UN Prevention Strategies
  Marc Limon and Mariana Montoya

48 Prevention of Torture The Role of the Association for the Prevention of Torture in the Adoption and Implementation of the Optional Protocol to the UN Convention against Torture
  Barbara Bernath

49 Civil Society Dialogues to Prevent Conflicts and Protect Human Rights in Asia
  Robin Ramcharan

50 Civil Society A Partner to Promote Human Rights in the Universal Periodic Review Process
  Mona M’Bikay

51 Coming Full Circle in the upr Cycle? Civil Society Stakeholders and Their Role in the upr
  Gianni Magazzeni and Eliska Rybar

52 The Challenge of a New Issue for the Human Right’s System
  Edward J. Flynn

53  ngo  s and Human Rights Challenges of the Future

54 The United Nations and Human Rights
  Adrien-Claude Zoller

55 UN Human Rights Day Statements, 10 December, 2021

56 Human Rights Watch and 59 ngo  s on the Credibility of High Commissioner’s Visit to China

57  ngo , China and the UN Treaty Bodies
  Vincent Ploton

58 The Geneva Climate Change Consultation Group

59 Civil Society and Remedies under Human Rights Treaties cedaw 
  Orest Nowosad

60 The Human Right to Adequate Housing and Its Development at the United Nations A ngo  Protection Role Success Story
  Miloon Kothari

61 The Quest for Justice Could a Permanent “Peoples’ Court” Reinforce the Role of Civil Society in International Law?
  Ekkehard Strauss

62 Recapitulation and Reflections



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