Diplomacy for Professionals and Everyone


If you want to better understand not only international but also social diplomacy, then this book is for you. If you are a practitioner in traditional diplomacy or a person who want to apply diplomatic ideas and methods in social life, you can find many useful insights in this original work. A scholar and experienced diplomat, the author argues that international and social diplomacy can learn from each other. He explores genuine diplomacy as a goodwill mission, constructive engagement, and dialogical interaction that can help states, non-state organizations, companies, groups, individuals, and their aggregations to create public goods and make positive social changes.

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Professor Alisher Faizullaev, D.Sc., Ph.D., is a Professor Emeritus at the University of World Economy and Diplomacy, Tashkent, and former Ambassador of Uzbekistan to the United Kingdom, Benelux countries, the European Union, and NATO. His last book Symbolic Insult in Diplomacy: A Subtle Game of Diplomatic Slap was published by Brill in 2018.

List of Figures and Tables


1The Sense of Diplomacy
 1 What Is Diplomacy?

 2 Diplomacy of Multifaceted Entities and Multidimensional Diplomacies

 3 The Social and the Political in Diplomacy

 4 New Diplomacies

2The Essentials of Diplomacy
 1 Preconditions for Diplomacy

 2 The Self-Other Paradigm in Diplomacy

 3 The Idea and Practice of Diplomacy

 4 Aspirational Aspect of Diplomacy: Diplomatic Mission and Objectives
 4.1 Diplomacy as a Goodwill Mission

 4.2 Diplomatic Objectives: Decency

 5 The Performative Aspect of Diplomacy: Diplomatic Means and Norms
 5.1 Methods of Diplomatic Interactions

 5.2 Diplomatic Code of Conduct

 6 Constructive Engagement as the Way of Diplomacy

 7 Diplomatic Spirit

3Actors, Engagement and Interactions in Diplomacy
 1 Actors, Agencies, and Agents in Diplomacy

 2 The Ambassador as a High-Level Diplomatic Agent
 2.1 Envoys

 2.2 The Ambassador’s Credentials

 3 The Diplomat: An Interactional Perspective

 4 Diplomacy and a Global Interaction Complex

4Unconventional Ambassadors
 1 New Types of Ambassadors

 2 Goodwill Ambassadors
 2.1 Appointed and Volunteer Goodwill Ambassadors

 2.2 Appointed and Volunteer Goodwill Ambassadors as Unconventional Diplomatic Representatives

 3 Independent Goodwill Ambassadors
 3.1 Self-Representation

 3.2 The Individual’s Self-Constituted Representation of Other Entities or Causes

 4 Everyday Ambassadors

5Diplomatic Functions
 1 Diplomatic Functions in Traditional Diplomacy

 2 Representation as a Diplomatic Mega-function

 3 Negotiation as a Diplomatic Mega-function

6Diplomatic Methods, Skills and Mindset
 1 Diplomatic Methods
 1.1 Conversation

 1.2 Negotiation

 1.3 Dispute

 1.4 Rhetoric

 2 Diplomatic Skills

 3 Diplomatic Skillsets for Dialogical Interaction and Tactful Conduct
 3.1 Interoperating Skills

 3.2 Reflection Skills

 3.3 Organizational Skills

 3.4 Self-Regulation Skills

 3.5 Moral Skills

 4 Diplomatic Dispositions and Attitudes

 5 A Diplomat’s Personal Behavior Style

7The Social and Relational in Diplomacy
 1 The Social Side of Diplomacy

 2 Relations and Relationships in Diplomacy

 3 Social Framing of Relationships

 4 International Diplomacy in a Relational Context

 5 Relationships as a Primary and Secondary Concern in Traditional Diplomacy
 5.1 Coordinating and Negotiating Interests, Values, Legal Rights and Relationships in Diplomacy

8Toward Social Diplomacy
 1 Everyday, Transprofessional and Social Diplomacies

 2 Social Diplomacy as a Way of Constructing Relationships

 3 Social Diplomats as Constructive Conversationalists

 4 Social Diplomacy’s Don’ts

9Greetings as Micro-diplomacy or Coordinated Social Engagement
 1 Greetings, covid-19 and Human Engagement

 2 Greeting as an Act of Diplomacy

 3 Greeting as an Interactional Instrument of Relationship Management

 4 Greeting as a Meaningful Social Exchange

 5 Greeting as a Strategic Interaction and Coordination Game

 6 The Relationship Payoff Matrix in a Greeting Negotiation

 7 Getting to Yes in Greeting, or Social Diplomacy of Greeting


Appendix 1“Engagement” in International Diplomacy

Appendix 2Interaction Structures in International Diplomacy
 1 Levels of Diplomatic Interactions

 2 Areas Affected by Diplomatic Interactions

 3 Channels of Diplomatic Interaction

 4 The Intensity of Diplomatic Interactions

 5 Modality of Diplomatic Interactions

 6 Exposure of Diplomatic Interactions

 7 The Intentionality of Diplomatic Interactions

Appendix 3Relationship-Enhancing Practices in International Diplomacy
 1 The Practice of Communication

 2 The Practice of Honoring

 3 The Practice of Affiliation

 4 The Practice of Collaboration

 5 The Practice of Helping

 6 The Practice of Empathizing

 7 The Practice of Ceremony

 8 The Practice of Normative Behavior

 9 The Practice of Entertaining

 10 The Practice of Apology

 11 The Practice of Commitment

 12 The Practice of Framing Relationships

 13 The Practice of Giving a Gift

 14 The Practice of Cultural Interest

 15 The Practice of Public Engagement



This book will be of interest to anyone who studies or practices international diplomacy, as well as interested in the application of diplomatic ideas and methods in social sphere.
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