A Functional Discourse Grammar Theory of Grammaticalization

Volume 1: Functional Change


Meaning change in grammaticalization has been variously described in terms of decreasing semantic weight and increasing generality, abstraction, (inter)subjectivity or discourse orientation. The author shows that all these trends are subsumed by the notion of scope increase along a precise hierarchy of semantic and pragmatic layers of grammatical organization such as endorsed by Functional Discourse Grammar. The scope-increase hypothesis is immune from the exceptions and veritable counterexamples to all the aforementioned generalizations and has the decisive advantage of being more objectively measurable, given its direct bearing on actual linguistic structure. The extremely rare exceptions to this generalization are also addressed and found to always result from a type of change independent from grammaticalization – the merger of two separate speech acts.

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Riccardo Giomi, Ph.D. (2020), University of Lisbon, is a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Liège. He has authored several publications on Functional Discourse Grammar, among which Headedness and modification in Functional Discourse Grammar (Glossa 5.1, 2020) and The place of interpersonal lexemes in linguistic theory, with special reference to Functional Discourse Grammar (Corpus Pragmatics 5.2, 2021).
9789004520448 Acknowledgements
List of Tables and Figures

1 Introduction
 1.1 Theoretical Setting and Scope of the Research
 1.2 State of the Art and Research Questions

2 Functional Discourse Grammar
 2.1 General Features
 2.2 Layered Structure
 2.3 Four Levels of Grammatical Analysis
 2.4 Summary

3 Grammaticalization between Structure and Context
 3.1 Grammaticalization: History, Basic Concepts and Matters of Controversy
 3.2 Lehmann’s Parameters and Processes
 3.3 Paradigmatic Change
 3.4 Grammaticalization as Context-Induced Reinterpretation
 3.5 Towards an FDG Theory of Grammaticalization

4 Previous Approaches to Functional Change
 4.1 Meaning Generalization
 4.2 From Concrete to Abstract Meaning
 4.3 From “Material” to “Relational” Meaning
 4.4 Loss of Predicativity/Referentiality
 4.5 Subjectification, Intersubjectification and Discourse Orientation
 4.6 Summary

5 Grammaticalization as Scope Increase
 5.1 Grammar and Conceptualization in FDG and in Other Functional Models
 5.2 Scope Increase in FDG
 5.3 Putative Counterexamples to the Scope-Increase Hypothesis
 5.4 Refining the Scope-Increase Hypothesis
 5.5 Conclusions and Outline of the Following Chapters

6 The Grammaticalization of Semantic, Pragmatic and Rhetorical Functions
 6.1 Introduction
 6.2 The Diachronic Development of Function Markers
 6.3 Conclusions

7 When Scope Does Not Matter
 7.1 Theoretical Preliminaries
 7.2 Secondary Grammaticalization Changes Unrelated to Scope Increase
 7.3 Discussion and Conclusions

8 Primary Grammaticalization: What Is Lexical and What Is Grammatical?
 8.1 Introduction
 8.2 The Lexical/Grammatical Dichotomy in FDG
 8.3 Keizer’s Parameters Revisited
 8.4 Lexical Roots and Derivational Affixes
 8.5 Primary Grammaticalization without Lexemes: The Case of Non-verbal Predication
 8.6 Summary

9 Conclusions

Language Index
Subject Index
The audience targeted by the work includes researchers in and postgraduate students of historical linguistics, linguistic typology and the theory of Functional Discourse Grammar.
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