Borders and Mobility Control in and between Empires and Nation-States


In a modernist interpretation of migration controls, nation states play a major role. This book challenges this interpretation by showing that comprehensive migration checks and permanent border controls appeared much earlier, in early modern dynastic states and empires, and predated nation states by centuries.

The 11 contributions in this volume explore the role of early modern and modern dynastic kingdoms and empires in Europe, the Middle East and Eurasia and the evolution of border controls from the 16th to the 20th century. They analyse how these states interacted with other polities, such as emerging nations states in Europe, North America and Australia, and what this means for a broader reconceptualization of mobility in Europe and beyond in the longue durée.

Contributors are: Tobias Brinkmann, Vincent Denis, Sinan Dinçer, Josef Ehmer, Irial A. Glynn, Sabine Jesner, Olga Katsiardi-Hering, Leo Lucassen, Ikaros Mantouvalos, Leslie Page Moch, Jovan Pešalj, Lewis H. Siegelbaum, Annemarie Steidl, and Megan Williams.

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Jovan Pešalj, Ph.D. (2019), Leiden University, is a lecturer at the International Studies Program at the Leiden University Hague campus. He is a historian, specialising in early modern history of borders, migration controls and quarantines.

Annemarie Steidl, Ph.D. (1999), University of Vienna, is Associate Professor at the Department of Economic and Social History, University of Vienna. Her research interests include migration studies, eighteenth to twentieth century, industrialization and urbanization, history of artisans, gender studies, and quantitative methods.

Leo Lucassen, Ph.D. (1990), is Director of the International Institute of Social History in Amsterdam and Professor in global labour and migration history at the University of Leiden.

Josef Ehmer, Ph.D. (1977), University of Vienna. He is Professor Emeritus of Social and Economic History at the University of Vienna and Associate Fellow at the International Research Centre Work and Human Lifecycle in Global History at the Humboldt-University Berlin.
Series Editors
Johannes Preiser-Kapeller, Austrian Academy of Sciences
Roland Wenzlhuemer, LMU Munich
Elizabeth A. Zanoni, Old Dominion University
List of Figures

Notes on Contributors

  Jovan Pešalj, Annemarie Steidl, Leo Lucassen, and Josef Ehmer

1 States, Borders, and Security in Global History
  Leo Lucassen

2 Diplomatic Safe Conducts across Sixteenth-Century Habsburg-Ottoman Borders
  Megan K. Williams

3 “Hard Border” Facilitates Migrations: The Habsburg-Ottoman Border Control Regime in the Eighteenth Century
  Jovan Pešalj and Josef Ehmer

4 Clerks, Guards and Physicians: Imperial Staff and the Implementation of Border Security Concepts within the Transylvanian Military Border
  Sabine Jesner

5 The Mobility Control of “Foreigners” in the Habsburg Monarchy Entrance, Travel and Residency of the Greek-Orthodox Peoples from Southeastern Europe (Eighteenth to Early Nineteenth Century)
  Ikaros Mantouvalos and Olga Katsiardi-Hering

6 The Control of Mobility in France, 1680–1780
  Vincent Denis

7 An Exclusionary Border Regime: The Ottoman Case, 1890–1914
  Sinan Dinçer

8 Control and Agency: Regimes and Repertoires of Migration in Late Imperial Russia
  Leslie Page Moch and Lewis H. Siegelbaum

9 Borderline Experiences: Russian Return Migrants and Privatized Border Controls in Central Europe, 1880–1914
  Tobias Brinkmann

10 Border Control on Ellis Island: Austro-Hungarians Crossing the Atlantic in the Age of Mass Migration
  Annemarie Steidl

11 Protecting Australia’s Borders Since the 1850s: At the Cutting Edge of Border Control but on the Edge of International Acceptability
  Irial Glynn


The book will be of immediate interest to the institutes, academic libraries, specialissts, post-graduate students in the subject area of history, migration studies, sociology, anthropology, politics.
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