The Historical Chronicle of Abū ʿAbdallāh Maḥammad Ibn Ibrāhīm al-Dukkālī

Fes in the Mid-18th Century (1149/1736-1179/1766)


Ibn Ibrāhīm al-Dukkālī’s Historical Chronicle, edited and translated by Norman Cigar, is a valuable contemporary manuscript source from Morocco’s poorly documented and seldom-studied mid-eighteenth century, a period marked by weak rulers and conflicts, but also a golden age for local political actors and the autonomous power centers in the cities. As a well-placed observer and active participant in events in his native city of Fes, al-Dukkālī provides unique data that helps us address key questions about cities in the Muslim world raised in multiple disciplines, such as whether cities could be considered communities or were simply an agglomeration of disparate elements, and to what extent cities enjoyed autonomy in their relations with the central government, and in what sense they were “Islamic.”

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Norman Cigar, D.Phil., Oxford, retired as Director of Regional Studies at the U.S. Marine Corps University, and has published extensively on pre-modern Morocco, as well as on the contemporary Middle East.
Author Biography


Arabic Text and Translation

Map Key/Maps
Appendix on Weights, Measures, and Currency
All interested in pre-modern Morocco and North Africa in politics, society, Islam, and urban studies in the Muslim world, as well as linguists dealing with Arabic, suitable for universities, libraries, research institutes.
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