The Shariatisation of Indonesia

The Politics of the Council of Indonesian Ulama (Majelis Ulama Indonesia, MUI)


This book is a succinct and critical account on the shariatisation of Indonesia, the largest Muslim country in the world. It is the first book in English to uncover and explain the shariatisation of Indonesia in a comprehensive way. With the abundant primary and secondary sources, this book is a reference for other scholars who conduct research on the inclusion of sharia into legal and public sphere of Indonesia. It comes with an important conclusion that the change of such a non-theocratic state like Indonesia into a theocratic state is highly possible when its law is penetrated by those who want to change the state system.

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Syafiq Hasyim, Dr. Phil (2014), Berlin Graduate School of Muslim Cultures and Societies, FU, Berlin, is lecturer and Director of Library and Culture at the Indonesian International Islamic University (UIII). His research fields are Islamic Law in Muslim and non-Muslim countries, democratic life, political Islam, Islamic feminism, and sharia lifestyle. He published books, international journal articles and commentaries, visual commentary through TV and YouTube.
A Note on Transliterations

1 The Politics of Shariatisation in Indonesia
 1.1 Introduction
 1.2 Shariatisation from Local and Global Perspectives
 1.3 Shariatisation and Islamisation in Indonesia
 1.4 Theoretical Framework
 1.5 Methodology, Sources of Research and Structure of the Book

2 MUI and the History of the Sharia Trajectory in Indonesia
 2.1 Introduction
 2.2 The Shariatisation of MUI and Indonesia’s State Ideology
 2.3 Discourse on Indonesia’s State Ideology and MUI’s Response
 2.4 The Institutionalisation of the Ulama
 2.5 The Genesis of MUI
 2.6 Leadership of MUI Senior Ulama
 2.7 The Reform Era: The Changing Role of MUI
 2.8 Internal Dynamism

3 A Living Organisation: Pre-existing Conditions and the Organisational Vehicle of Shariatisation
 3.1 Introduction
 3.2 Internal Causes of Shariatisation
 3.3 Institutional Vehicles for Shariatisation
 3.4 Conclusion

4 Sharia Activism: Opportunity Structure, Frame, and Mobilisation
 4.1 Introduction
 4.2 The Legal and Political Structure of Indonesia
 4.3 Framing Shariatisation
 4.4 The Mobilisation of Sharia
 4.5 Conclusion

5 Regional Shariatisation: The Presence of MUI in Aceh, Bulukumba and Cianjur
 5.1 Introduction
 5.2 Aceh
 5.3 Bulukumba, South Sulawesi
 5.4 Cianjur, West Java
 5.5 Conclusion

6 MUI’s Discourse and Its Relevance for Shariatisation: Case Studies of Fatwa
 6.1 Introduction
 6.2 Deviant Groups and Islamic Worship
 6.3 Compliance and Social Resistance

7 The Dilemma of Electoral Politics and the Politics of the Umma: MUI’s Trajectory of Shariatisation in the Era of Joko Widodo’s Presidency
 7.1 Introduction
 7.2 MUI and Electoral Politics
 7.2.5 The 2019 Presidential Elections: Jokowi’s Reconciliation with MUI through Ma‌ʾruf Amin
 7.3 The Umma and Islamic Discourse in Indonesian Conceptualisation
 7.4 MUI and Its Political Dilemma
 7.5 Conclusion

8 Concluding Reflections
Specialists (post graduate students, lecturers, observers) on Indonesian Islam and Islamic law, centres of area studies, libraries of both private and state Islamic university in Indonesia and libraries of university Southeast Asian countries, the Muslim organisations in Indonesia.
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