“Freedom is Indivisible”

Rudolf Hilferding’s Correspondence with Karl Kautsky, Leon Trotsky, and Paul Hertz, 1902–1938


As the author of the ground-breaking work of Marxist political economy, Finance Capital, and a leader in the German Social Democratic Party, Rudolf Hilferding was a dominant intellectual and political figure in the history of European socialism from its halcyon days in the pre-1914 era until its collapse in the 1930s. This collection of his previously unpublished correspondence allows readers to trace the evolution of Hilferding’s thought as socialism’s fortunes declined and his own fate became precarious. It shows how, in the face of rising Stalinism and fascism, democracy remained at the core of his socialist vision.

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William Smaldone, Ph.D. (1989), SUNY Binghamton, is the E. J. Whipple Professor of History at Willamette University. He has published monographs, translations, and many articles on European socialism, including of Rudolf Hilferding: The Tragedy of a German Social Democrat (Northern Illinois University Press,1998) and, with Mark E. Blum, Austro-Marxism: The Ideology of Unity, 2 vols. (Brill, 2016/17).
List of Figures

Part 1

1 Introduction to Part 1: Passing the Torch

2 Rudolf Hilferding’s Letters to Karl Kautsky, 1902–07

3 Rudolf Hilferding’s Letters to Karl Kautsky, 1915–18

4 Hilferding’s Letters to Karl Kautsky, 1924–33

5 Hilferding to Kautsky, 1933–38

Part 2

6 Introduction to Part 2: A Political Friendship?

7 Leon Trotsky’s Letters to Rudolf Hilferding, 1907–12

Part 3

8 Introduction to Part 3: “Freedom or Slavery”

9 Rudolf Hilferding’s Correspondence with Paul Hertz, 1933–38

This book will be of interest to scholars and educated readers interested in European socialism, politics, and political economy. It makes Hilferding’s correspondence available for the first time to readers in any language and should attract scholars, graduate students, and educated readers interested in these fields.
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