The books of Enoch are famed for having been “lost” in the Middle Ages but “rediscovered” by modern scholars. But was this really the case? This volume is the first to explore the reception of Enochic texts and traditions between the fifteenth and nineteenth centuries. Bringing specialists in antiquity into conversation with specialists in early modernity, it reveals a much richer story with a more global scope. Contributors show how Enoch and the era before the Flood were newly reimagined, not just by scholars, but also by European artists and adventurers, Kabbalists, Sufis, Mormons, and Ethiopian and Slavonic Christians.
Ariel Hessayon, Ph.D. (1996), Cambridge University, is a Reader in the Department of History at Goldsmiths, University of London. His publications include "Gold Tried in the Fire": The Prophet TheaurauJohn Tany and the English Revolution (2007).
Annette Yoshiko Reed, Ph.D. (2002), Princeton University, is Professor of the New Testament and Early Christianity at Harvard Divinity School. Her most recent books are Jewish-Christianity and the History of Judaism (2018) and Demons, Angels, and Writing in Ancient Judaism (2020).
Gabriele Boccaccini, Ph.D. (1991), University of Turin, is Professor of Second Temple Judaism and Christian origins at the University of Michigan. He is the founding director of the Enoch Seminar. His most recent book is Paul's Three Paths to Salvation (2020).
Abbreviations Notes on Contributors
Introduction Annette Yoshiko Reed, Ariel Hessayon and Gabriele Boccaccini
Part 1: European Traditions and Trajectories before James Bruce’s “Discovery” and Its Impact
1 Enoch Lost and Found?
Rethinking Enochic Reception in the Middle Ages Annette Yoshiko Reed
2 The Book of Enoch in Relation to the Premodern Christian Doctrines of Spiritual Beings Euan Cameron
3 Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Enoch, and Hermetism Giulio Busi
4 Earliest Commentaries on 1 Enoch before Laurence
Pompeo Sarnelli (1710) and Daniele Manin (1820) Gabriele Boccaccini
5 Enoch and the Genesis of Freemasonry Tobias Churton
6 Blake’s Enoch before the Book of Enoch Francis Borchardt
7 Enoch in the Tradition of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormonism) Jared W. Ludlow
Part 2: Revisiting James Bruce’s “Discovery” and Its Impact
8 James Bruce’s Illusory “Book of Enoch the Prophet” Ted M. Erho
9 James Bruce and His Copies of Ethiopic Enoch Ariel Hessayon
10 A “Rich and Unparalleled Collection”
The Afterlives of James Bruce’s Manuscripts and Drawings Ariel Hessayon
11 When Enoch Left Ethiopia
On Race and Philological (Im)possibilities in the Nineteenth Century Elena Dugan
Part 3: Enoch beyond Europe
12 The Reception and Function of 1 Enoch in the Ethiopian Orthodox Tradition Ralph Lee
13 The Archangel Uriel in 1 Enoch and Other Ethiopian Texts Daniel Assefa
14 Scales of Creation or Scales of Judgment?
Variant Readings for Parables of Enoch 41 and 43 Robert G. Hall
15 Heavenly Exiles and Earthly Outcasts
Enochic Concepts of Hermetic Knowledge and Proscribed Lore in Parabiblica Slavica (Fifteenth–Nineteenth Centuries) Florentina Badalanova Geller
16 Enoch as Idrīs in Early Modern Ottoman Sufi Writings
Two Case Studies Kameliya Atanasova
17 Why Enoch Did Not Die
The Soul Construction of Enoch in the Zohar and Sixteenth-Century Kabbalah Shaul Magid
Appendix: The Earliest English Translations and Synopses of Ethiopic Enoch (1770–1820) Ariel Hessayon
Scholars and students with interests in Old Testament Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha, Second Temple Judaism, Biblical Interpretation, Reception History, Ethiopian Christianity, and early modern Europe as well as colonialism and the history of knowledge.