Rediscovering Enoch? The Antediluvian Past from the Fifteenth to Nineteenth Centuries


The books of Enoch are famed for having been “lost” in the Middle Ages but “rediscovered” by modern scholars. But was this really the case? This volume is the first to explore the reception of Enochic texts and traditions between the fifteenth and nineteenth centuries. Bringing specialists in antiquity into conversation with specialists in early modernity, it reveals a much richer story with a more global scope. Contributors show how Enoch and the era before the Flood were newly reimagined, not just by scholars, but also by European artists and adventurers, Kabbalists, Sufis, Mormons, and Ethiopian and Slavonic Christians.

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Ariel Hessayon, Ph.D. (1996), Cambridge University, is a Reader in the Department of History at Goldsmiths, University of London. His publications include "Gold Tried in the Fire": The Prophet TheaurauJohn Tany and the English Revolution (2007).
Annette Yoshiko Reed, Ph.D. (2002), Princeton University, is Professor of the New Testament and Early Christianity at Harvard Divinity School. Her most recent books are Jewish-Christianity and the History of Judaism (2018) and Demons, Angels, and Writing in Ancient Judaism (2020).
Gabriele Boccaccini, Ph.D. (1991), University of Turin, is Professor of Second Temple Judaism and Christian origins at the University of Michigan. He is the founding director of the Enoch Seminar. His most recent book is Paul's Three Paths to Salvation (2020).
Notes on Contributors

Annette Yoshiko Reed, Ariel Hessayon and Gabriele Boccaccini

Part 1: European Traditions and Trajectories before James Bruce’s “Discovery” and Its Impact

1 Enoch Lost and Found?
 Rethinking Enochic Reception in the Middle Ages
Annette Yoshiko Reed

2 The Book of Enoch in Relation to the Premodern Christian Doctrines of Spiritual Beings
Euan Cameron

3 Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Enoch, and Hermetism
Giulio Busi

4 Earliest Commentaries on 1 Enoch before Laurence
 Pompeo Sarnelli (1710) and Daniele Manin (1820)
Gabriele Boccaccini

5 Enoch and the Genesis of Freemasonry
Tobias Churton

6 Blake’s Enoch before the Book of Enoch
Francis Borchardt

7 Enoch in the Tradition of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormonism)
Jared W. Ludlow

Part 2: Revisiting James Bruce’s “Discovery” and Its Impact

8 James Bruce’s Illusory “Book of Enoch the Prophet”
Ted M. Erho

9 James Bruce and His Copies of Ethiopic Enoch
Ariel Hessayon

10 A “Rich and Unparalleled Collection”
 The Afterlives of James Bruce’s Manuscripts and Drawings
Ariel Hessayon

11 When Enoch Left Ethiopia
 On Race and Philological (Im)possibilities in the Nineteenth Century
Elena Dugan

Part 3: Enoch beyond Europe

12 The Reception and Function of 1 Enoch in the Ethiopian Orthodox Tradition
Ralph Lee

13 The Archangel Uriel in 1 Enoch and Other Ethiopian Texts
Daniel Assefa

14 Scales of Creation or Scales of Judgment?
 Variant Readings for Parables of Enoch 41 and 43
Robert G. Hall

15 Heavenly Exiles and Earthly Outcasts
 Enochic Concepts of Hermetic Knowledge and Proscribed Lore in Parabiblica Slavica (Fifteenth–Nineteenth Centuries)
Florentina Badalanova Geller

16 Enoch as Idrīs in Early Modern Ottoman Sufi Writings
 Two Case Studies
Kameliya Atanasova

17 Why Enoch Did Not Die
 The Soul Construction of Enoch in the Zohar and Sixteenth-Century Kabbalah
Shaul Magid

Appendix: The Earliest English Translations and Synopses of Ethiopic Enoch (1770–1820)
Ariel Hessayon
Scholars and students with interests in Old Testament Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha, Second Temple Judaism, Biblical Interpretation, Reception History, Ethiopian Christianity, and early modern Europe as well as colonialism and the history of knowledge.
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