The Responsibility to Protect and Counter-terrorism

Contradictions and Congruences

The Responsibility to Protect and Counter-Terrorism both ‘came of age’ at the turn of the millennium, as the international community was grappling with the challenges emerging from the end of the Cold War. R2P embraced the value of the individual, while counter-terrorism emphasized the importance of the state. Each appeared to represent a distinct way of understanding security. However, as these two concepts have evolved through contestation, application, and reform, surprising points of conflict and congruence have emerged which open up new ways of understanding what it means to protect both civilians and the state.

This collection of essays was first published in the journal Global Responsibility to Protect (vols. 14 and 15, 2022 and 2023).

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Shannon Zimmerman, Ph.D. (2020), is a lecturer in Strategic Studies for Deakin University at the Australian War College. She has published articles on peace operations, the Responsibility to Protect, and violent political misogyny, with journals such as Global Governance and Terrorism and Political Violence.

Notes on Contributors

Introduction: The Responsibility to Protect and Counter-terrorism
  Shannon Zimmerman

1  r2p and Counter-terrorism: Where Sovereignties Collide
  Shannon Zimmerman

2 The Responsibility to Protect from Terror: The Ethics of Foreign Counter-terrorist Interventions
  Isaac Taylor

3 ‘Are All Humans Human? Or Are Some More Human than Others?’ R2P , Terrorism, and the Protection of Civilians
  Sascha Nanlohy

4 Counter-terrorism, the Responsibility to Protect, and the Protection of Civilians: Exploring Norm Clusters in the Case of Mali
  Adrian Gallagher, Blake Lawrinson and Charles T. Hunt

5 Civilian Protection: Integrating Community Self-Protection with the Responsibility to Protect and the UN Global Counter-terrorism Strategy
  Wisdom Oghosa Iyekekpolo

6 Terrorism and Pillar Two Protection Assistance: The Yazidis on Mount Sinjar
  Josie Hornung


Scholars and practitioners of humanitarian intervention, peace operations, disaster response and counter-terrorism; international relations, international humanitarian law, and political science. Organizations such as The United Nations, the European Union, NATO.
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