Population Displacements and Multiple Mobilities in the Late Ottoman Empire


The long-lasting Ottoman Empire was a theatre of armed conflict and human displacement. Whereas military victories in the early modern period enabled its territorial expansion and internal consolidation, the later centuries were shaped by military defeat and domestic turmoil, setting hundreds of thousands, sometimes even millions of people in motion. Spanning from Europe to Asia, the book reassesses these movements. Rather than adopting a teleological approach to the study of the Ottoman defeat, it connects late Ottoman history to wider dynamics, extending or challenging existing concepts and narratives.

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Catherine Horel, Ph.D. (1993), Senior research fellow, CETOBAC-CNRS, Paris, specializes in Central European contemporary history, Habsburg Empire, Jewish, urban and military history. Among her latest publications: L’amiral Horthy, regent de Hongrie (Paris, Perrin, 2014); Histoire de la nation hongroise (Paris, Tallandier, 2021), Multicultural Cities of the Habsburg Empire. Imagined Communities and Conflictual Encounters 1880-1914 (forthcoming at CEU Press, 2023).

Bettina Severin-Barboutie, Ph.D. (2004), Professor of Contemporary History at University Clermont Auvergne and associated member of the research lab “Arts, civilisation, histoire de l'Europe” at the University of Strasbourg, specializes in contemporary history. Among her latest publications: Migration als Bewegung am Beispiel der Städte Stuttgart und Lyon nach 1945 (Mohr Siebeck, 2019), Représentation et mémoire de la migration/Repräsentation und Erinnerung der Migration (ed. with Dirk Rupnow et al.), Innsbruck, IUP, 2021).
List of Figures and Table IX
Notes on Contributors X

1 Introduction: Population Displacements and Multiple Mobilities in the Late Ottoman Empire
Nicole Immig

Part 1: Population Movements and Migrants as Assets

2 Demographic Engineering and the Unionist Legacy
George Kalpadakis

3 Seeking a Homeland, Serving the Empire: Muslim Migrants from Montenegro and Their Integration within the Ottoman Bureaucracy (1870–1914)
Denis Ljuljanović

Part 2: Differentiating and Hierarchizing People on the Move

4 Muslims of Epirus, Muslims of Empire? The Cham Issue in Relation to Albanian, Greek and Turkish National Projects (1908–25)
Renaud Dorlhiac

5 ‘Unreliable Muslims’ Out and ‘Loyal Subjects of the Tsar’ In?: Two Different Forms of Migration Envisaged by the Russian Authorities in the Southwestern Caucasus and Eastern Anatolia in WWI
Ozan Arslan

Part 3: Reinterpreting Population Displacements

6 The Ottoman Era in Yemen and Jewish Emigration (1881–1914)
Bat-Zion Eraqi Klorman

7 Flags and Blood: European Jews, Refugee Restrictions, and Rioting in 1929 Palestine
Sarah Shields

Part 4: Lives beyond Borders

8 Migrating Economic Identities in the Ottoman Empire: Regional Expressions of the Global Market in the Greek Banker’s Andreas Syngros Autobiography
Ekaterini Brégianni

9 Mapping Europe with Love: Spaces and Conjunctions between Smyrna and Munich
Simone Egger

10 Afterword: Transitions from a Transimperial to a Transnational Migration Society
Stefan Rohdewald

Index of Names
Scholars and students interested in the relation between war and (forced) mobility and/or the Ottoman Empire will certainly be the primary readership of the volume. Given the wide geographical and methodological range of the articles, however, it has the potential to captivate a cross-disciplinary audience, one that covers such fields as social, (post)colonial, cultural and economic history, as well as various area studies and the history of war, mobility, empires and nations.
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