Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum

A Multifaceted History of Khmer Rouge Crimes


Established in 1979 in the premises of the Khmer Rouge prison S-21 in Phnom Penh, Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum (TSGM) has had a turbulent history, mirroring Cambodia's social and political transformations. The book brings together academics and practitioners from multiple fields who offer novel perspectives and sources on the site and reflect on the challenges the institution has faced in the past and will face in the twenty-first century as an archive, heritage, and education site, especially with the coming of the post-justice era in the country.

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Stéphanie Benzaquen-Gautier, Ph. D. (1971), is associate researcher at the University of Nottingham. She has published several articles and book chapters on Cambodia, and edited a special issue on Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum in Mémoires en Jeu (2018).

Anne-Laure Porée, Ph. D (1975), is affiliated with the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Science Sociales (EHESS). She has assisted the TSGM team with research and training. She has edited a special issue on Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum in Mémoires en Jeu (2018).
List of Illustrations
Notes on Contributors

Introduction: New Sources, Practices, and Challenges for a Multifaceted History of Khmer Rouge Crimes
Stéphanie Benzaquen-Gautier and Anne-Laure Porée

PART 1: S-21: Archaeologies of Violence

1 M-13: the Rural Prototype of S-21
Hang Nisay
2 Purity and Control in Khmer Rouge Interrogators’ Notebooks and Confessions
Daniel Bultmann
3 A Unique Series of Testimonies: Memoirs of S-21 Survivors
Anne-Laure Porée

Part 2: The Witnessing Machine: The Museum’s Early Years

4 Witnesses Abroad: Early Visitors and the TSGM Visitor Books
Rachel Hughes
5 Holocaust References in the Early Years of Tuol Sleng
Christina Ullrich
6 Polish Visitors in Tuol Sleng: the Issue of Nazi-Khmer Rouge Analogies
Rafal Pankowski

Part 3: Museum’s (Im)materialities

7 Understanding S-21 at the Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum
Barbara Thimm
8 Listening to the Museum: Affective Encounters with the Tuol Sleng Audio-Tour
Bridie Shepherd
9 Threads of Evidence: Textile and Clothing Remains at Tuol Sleng
Julia M. Brennan and Magali An Berthon

Part 4: The Politics of Justice

10 S-21 Archives as Evidence: From Early Accounts until Today
Helen Jarvis
11 Confronting the Dead: an Anthropologist’s Engagement with Human Remains at Choeung Ek
Julie Fleischman
12 “S-21 as a Purge Center but Not Only”  Interview with Helen Worsnop
Helen Worsnop and Anne-Laure Porée

Part 5: Global Icon

13 The Haunting Image and Memorial Construction for the 1.5 Generation: S-21/Tuol Sleng in Francophone Sequential Art
Caroline D. Laurent
14 Tuol Sleng’s Photographic Portraits
Stéphanie Benzaquen-Gautier
15 Irradiations of Violence<
Interview with Rithy Panh
Rithy Panh, Anne-Laure Porée and Stéphanie Benzaquen-Gautier
16 When the Dead Bring the Living: the Global Connections of Choeung Ek and Tuol Sleng
Caroline Bennett

Conclusion: Towards a Historiographical Kaleidoscope
Stéphanie Benzaquen-Gautier and Anne-Laure Porée

This readership includes scholars, (post-graduate) students, and practitioners from Cambodian/Khmer studies, (Southeast) Asian studies, museum and heritage studies, memory studies, Holocaust & genocide studies, cultural studies.
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