The Heirs of Theodore

Aḥob of Qatar and the Development of the East Syriac Exegetical Tradition

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In The Heirs of Theodore Seth M. Stadel examines Aḥob of Qatar, a late 6th-century East Syriac biblical commentator, and his surviving Old Testament exegetical works. He further investigates what can be deduced of Aḥob’s influence on the later East Syriac exegetical tradition, and he details the originality of Aḥob’s exegesis, especially in comparison with earlier and contemporary Greek and Syriac sources. By presenting the first annotated edition, English translation, and study of Aḥob’s extant Old Testament exegetical works, Stadel is able to show that Aḥob represents a distinct voice within the East Syriac exegetical tradition.

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Seth M. Stadel (D.Phil. 2022, University of Oxford) is a Research Associate on the ERC-funded DoSSE project in the School of History, Politics and International Relations at the University of Leicester. He has published several studies on the late antique and early medieval Syriac exegetical tradition and the reception of the Psalms in Christian theology.
Acknowledgements
Sigla, Abbreviations, and Conventions

Introduction
 1 The East Syriac Exegetical Tradition
 2 Schools and Centers of East Syriac Exegesis
 3 Christianity in Beth Qaṭraye
 4 Overview of Chapters

1 Aḥob of Qatar
 1.1 Aḥob of Qatar’s Surviving Biographical Data
 1.2 Conclusion

2 Aḥob of Qatar’s Old Testament Exegetical Works
 2.1 Aḥob of Qatar’s Old Testament Exegetical Works in the Syriac Manuscript Tradition
 2.2 Aḥob of Qatar’s Exegetical Works
 2.3 Conclusion

3 Aḥob of Qatar and the East Syriac Exegetical Tradition (up to ca. 850)
 3.1 The Use of Aḥob of Qatar’s Cause of the Psalms in Nathniel of Shirzor’s Cause of the Psalms
 3.2 The Use of Aḥob of Qatar’s Exegesis in the Commentary on Genesis-Exodus 9:32
 3.3 The Use of Aḥob of Qatar’s Exegesis in Theodore bar Koni’s Scholion
 3.4 The Use of Aḥob of Qatar’s Exegesis in the Denḥa-Grigor Commentary
 3.5 Conclusion

4 Aḥob of Qatar and the East Syriac Exegetical Tradition (ca. 850–1439/1440)
 4.1 The Use of Aḥob of Qatar’s Exegesis in Ishoʿdad of Merv’s Old Testament Exegesis
 4.2 The Use of Aḥob of Qatar’s Exegesis in the Anonymous Commentary
 4.3 The Use of Aḥob of Qatar’s Exegesis in Ḥasan bar Bahlul’s Lexicon
 4.4 The Use of Aḥob of Qatar’s Exegesis in Isaac Shbadnaya’s Prose Commentary on His Poem on God’s Governance from ‘In the Beginning’ until Eternity
 4.5 Conclusion

5 The Distinctiveness of Aḥob of Qatar’s Old Testament Exegetical Works
 5.1 The Original Form of Aḥob of Qatar’s Old Testament Exegetical Works
 5.2 The Original Purpose of Aḥob of Qatar’s Old Testament Exegetical Works
 5.3 The Peshitta Old Testament of Aḥob of Qatar’s Old Testament Exegetical Works
 5.4 The Sources of Aḥob of Qatar’s Old Testament Exegetical Works
 5.5 The Christology of Aḥob of Qatar’s Old Testament Exegetical Works
 5.6 The Polemics of Aḥob of Qatar’s Old Testament Exegetical Works
 5.7 The Eschatology of Aḥob of Qatar’s Old Testament Exegetical Works
 5.8 The Exegetical Distinctiveness of Aḥob of Qatar’s Old Testament Exegetical Works
 5.9 Conclusion

General Conclusion

Appendix. An Edition of the Introduction and Select Parts of Thirteen Psalms from the Denḥa-Grigor Commentary

Bibliography
Index of Biblical References
General Index
All interested in the history of Syriac biblical interpretation, and anyone concerned with the study of Christianity in the Sasanian Empire.
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