Between Miltiades and Moltke: Early German Studies in Greek Military History


The authors of the first serious scholarly works on Greek warfare were not free to write their surveys as they wished. In the nineteenth-century German-speaking world, the supreme authority on all military history rested with the Great General Staff, the intellectual nerve centre of the Prussian army. Officers rejected the ability of historians to understand warfare and imposed their pragmatic perspective on any attempt to study past wars. How did classicists and historians respond to this challenge? This book explores how the scope and method of the first handbooks on Greek warfare were shaped by their environment; it questions the ancient wisdom that practical expertise is the best guide to writing military history.

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Roel Konijnendijk, Ph.D. (2015), University College London, is Darby Fellow in Ancient History at Lincoln College, University of Oxford. He wrote Classical Greek Tactics: A Cultural History (2018) and edited Brill’s Companion to Greek Land Warfare Beyond the Phalanx (2021).
 1 Introduction
 2 An Officer and a Gentleman: The Joint Works of Rüstow and Köchly
 3 The Age of the Great Handbooks: The New Surveys of 1880–1895
 4 The Delbrück-Kromayer Controversy
 5 Conclusion: Between Miltiades and Moltke
Students and scholars of ancient Greek warfare, military history, the history of these fields of study, and the history of Classics; scholars at modern war academies.
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