In Relational Iconography: Representational Culture at the Qaraquyunlu and Aqquyunlu Courts (853 / 1449 CE to 907 / 1501 CE), Georg Leube engages with courtly representation from an iconographical perspective, tracing the intersecting agencies of courtly actors negotiating multiple normativities and traditions. While the courtly culture of the Qaraquyunlu and Aqquyunlu dynasties (15th century C.E.) is commonly interpreted as an intermezzo in Persianate and Islamicate cultural history, it is here framed as an ideal field to explore a relational approach that challenges established dichotomies and ideal types.
By reading multiple mediums and discourses into each other, Georg Leube shows how courtly performance is rooted in iconographical repertoires that resonated with different networks and groups inside the 'Turkmen' realms.
Georg Leube, Ph.D. (2014), University of Bayreuth, is akademischer Oberrat at that university. He has published monographs and articles on Islamic and Islamicate cultural history, including Kinda in der frühislamischen Geschichte (Ergon, 2017).
List of Illustrations
1.1 Thematic Introduction
1.3 A Note on Transliteration, Dates, and Other Formalia
2 Theoretical Approach
2.1 A Performative View of Courtly Representation
2.2 Iconography: From the Description of Pictures to the Structure of Representation
2.3 The Stability and Openness of Tradition
2.4 Relational Iconography: Deploying an Iconographical Approach to ‘Turkmen’ Courtly Culture
3 Nexus between the Worlds: An Inductive Reconstruction of ‘Turkmen’ Courtly Culture
3.1 The Court as Topos and Representational Scene
3.2 Topoi of Courtly Interaction I: The Yaylāq or Summer Pasture
3.3 Topoi of Courtly Interaction II: The Qishlāq as an Entangled Urban Sphere
4 The Dimensions of Ethnicity and Religious Affiliation in the Representational Culture of the ‘Turkmen’ Courts
4.1 The Iconography of ‘Ethnicity’ and ‘Ethnic’ Affiliation
4.2 The Iconography of Religious Affiliation
5 Outlook and Conclusion
Annex 1: The Chronology of the Production of the Uppsala Manuscript of Abīwardī’s Chār Takht and Anīs al-ʿĀshiqīn
Annex 2: The Chronology of the Production of Faḍlallāh’s Tārīkh-i ʿĀlam-ārā-yi Amīnī Bibliography Index
All interested in the negotiation of multiple traditions in a courtly setting, and anyone interested in the cultural history of 15th Century Iran and the Qaraquyunlu and Aqquyunlu dynasties.