Early Modern Natural Law in East-Central Europe

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Which works and tenets of early modern natural law reached East-Central Europe, and how? How was it received, what influence did it have? And how did theorists and users of natural law in East- Central Europe enrich the pan-European discourse? This volume is pioneering in two ways; it draws the east of the Empire and its borderlands into the study of natural law, and it adds natural law to the practical discourse of this region.

Drawing on a large amount of previously neglected printed or handwritten sources, the authors highlight the impact that Grotius, Pufendorf, Heineccius and others exerted on the teaching of politics and moral philosophy as well as on policies regarding public law, codification praxis, or religious toleration.

Contributors are: Péter Balázs, Ivo Cerman, Karin Friedrich, Gábor Gángó, Anna Grześkowiak-Krwawicz, Knud Haakonssen, Steffen Huber, Borbála Lovas, Martin P. Schennach, and József Simon.

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Gábor Gángó (Ph.D. literary studies 1997, philosophy 2004, Budapest) is scientific advisor at the Institute of Philosophy of the Research Centre for the Humanities, Budapest, and Associated Fellow at the Max Weber Centre for Advanced Cultural and Social Studies at the University of Erfurt. His focus of research encompasses Early-Modern intellectual history (G. W. Leibniz and J. Chr. v. Boineburg), and East-Central European history of culture and philosophy from 17th-century natural law to 20th-century cultural modernism. His publications include Die Bibliothek von József Eötvös (Budapest, 1996) and Marxismo, cultura, comunicación: De Kant y Fichte a Lukács y Benjamin (Buenos Aires, 2009).
Contents

Preface
 Gábor Gángó and Knud Haakonssen

Notes on Contributors

Part 1: Poland-Lithuania


1 Natural Law in Polish and Lithuanian Sources: A Comparative Perspective
Steffen Huber

2 The Influence of Natural Law on the Discourse of Toleration in Seventeenth-Century Poland-Lithuania
Karin Friedrich

3 Why Was the Political Discourse of the Polish-Lithuanian Nobility so Weakly Influenced by Natural Law?
Anna Grześkowiak-Krwawicz

4 Ernst König and the Teaching of Natural Law at the Academic Gymnasia of Royal Prussia
Gábor Gángó

Part 2: The Austrian Empire


5 Natural Law in Austrian and Hungarian Science of Public Law in the Second Half of the Eighteenth Century: A Comparison
Martin P. Schennach

6 The Chair of Natural Law in Prague (1748–1775)
Ivo Cerman

Part 3: Hungary and Transylvania


7 The Dream of Freedom, Peace and Order
Natural and Divine Law in the Works of a Unitarian Bishop from Sixteenth-Century Transylvania
Borbála Lovas

8 Protestant Schooling and Natural Law in Transylvania and Hungary
 Péter Balázs and Gábor Gángó

9 Moral Indifference and Hypothetical Moral Necessity in Miklós Apáti’s Vita triumphans civilis (1688)
József Simon

10 Political Psychology and Natural Law in Miklós Bethlen’s Preface to His Autobiography (1708)
József Simon

Part 4: Russia


11 Strube de Piermont: The Passionate Natural Law in Russia
Ivo Cerman

Index of Persons
Index of Places
Index of Subjects
Research institutes in history, intellectual history, philosophy; scholars specialized in Eastern Europe, natural law, early-modern history of philosophy, history of education; advanced students of intellectual history and East European history.
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