Orthodox Christians and Muslims in Cappadocia

Local Interactions in an Ottoman Countryside (1839-1923)


This book traces the history of everyday relations of Greek-Orthodox Christians and Muslims of Cappadocia, an Ottoman countryside inhabited by various ethno-religious groups, either sharing the same settlements, or living in neighbouring villages. Based on Ottoman state archives, testimonies collected by the Centre of Asia Minor Studies, and various pre-1923 hand-written and printed sources mostly in Ottoman- and Karamanli-Turkish, and Greek, the study covers the period from 1839 to 1923 and proposes an anthropological perspective on everyday cross-religious interactions. It focuses on questions such as identification and mapping of communities, sharing of space and resources, use of languages, and religiosity in the context of conversions and of shared sacred spaces and beliefs to investigate everyday realities of a multireligious rural society which disappeared with the fall of the Empire.

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Aude Aylin de Tapia, PhD (2016), EHESS (Paris) & Bogaziçi University (Istanbul), is Professor of Turkish and Islamic studies at the University of Freiburg (Germany). She has published many works on the history and anthropology of the late Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey, including “Cappadocia's Ottoman-Greek-Orthodox Heritage: The Making, Unmaking, and Remaking of a Religious Heritage Complex”, in Cerezales & Isnart (eds.), The Religious Heritage Complex: Conservation, Objects and Habitus in Spiritual Contexts (Bloomsbury, 2020).
List of Tables and Maps
Abbreviations and Acronyms
Notes on Transliteration and Transcription

 1 Historicizing Communities and Intercommunal Relations
 2 Language and Locality: Producers of Collectivities
 3 Book Outline
 4 A Note on Primary Sources

1 Regionality in the Time of Nationalization
 1 Ottoman Reforms, Nationalisms, and Missionary Movements
 2 The (Re-)Appearance of Cappadocia

2 Naming, Identifying, and Mapping Groups in Cappadocia
 1 Genres of Taxonomic Grouping
 2 Mapping Collectivities

3 Conception(s), Perception(s) and Experience(s) of Space
 1 Conceived Space: Administering Locality
 2 Residing in a Shared Space
 3 Private, Communitarian, and Collective Spaces

4 Connected Worlds: Forging Ties between Home and Elsewhere
 1 Migration Patterns
 2 Socio-professional Background and Networks of Assistance
 3 Everyday Life in a Village Experiencing Emigration

5 Real Estate and Natural Resources
 1 Private Properties
 2 Communal and Collective Lands

6 Economic and Professional Activities
 1 Production and Consumption, Infrastructure, and Transportation
 2 Commercial Exchange and Marketplaces
 3 Professions, Pluriactivity, and Specialization

7 Religious Conversions and Inter-religious Marriages
 1 Collective and Individual Conversions to Islam
 2 Conversion to Christianity
 3 Marriage: A Bridge between Communities?
 4 Conversion and Converts in Strife

8 Shared Sacredness
 1 Shared Sites of Worship (See Map 3)
 2 The Time of Sharing
 3 Shared Rites and Intercessions of the Other

Conclusion: Doing, Undoing, and Redoing Groups in the Ottoman Countryside

Appendix 1: Former and Current Names of Towns and Villages (Changing Names and Names with Various Versions) 287
Appendix 2: Biographies of Main Informants by Settlements of Origin
Readership will be mostly institutes, departments, libraries, specialists and students working on Byzantine and Ottoman History, anthropologists and ethnographers focusing on Turkey, Greece, the Balkans and the Middle East, specialists in religious studies and social history.
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