Ocean Yearbook 37


Devoted to assessing the state of ocean and coastal governance, knowledge, and management, the Ocean Yearbook provides information in one convenient resource.

As in previous editions, articles provide multidisciplinary expert perspectives on contemporary issues. Each new volume draws on policy studies, international relations, international and comparative law, management, marine sciences, economics, and social sciences. Each volume contains key recent legal and policy instruments.

The Yearbook is a collaborative initiative of the International Ocean Institute (www.ioinst.org) in Malta and the Marine & Environmental Law Institute (www.dal.ca/law/MELAW) at the Schulich School of Law, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada.

The Yearbook is now available online. Learn more about the electronic product here.

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Edited by Aldo Chircop, Dalhousie University, Scott Coffen-Smout, Dalhousie University, Moira McConnell, Dalhousie University and Sara L. Seck, Dalhousie University
Jeffrey A. Hutchings (1958–2022): In Memoriam
Boris Worm, Ph.D.

The International Ocean Institute
Marine & Environmental Law Institute Schulich School of Law
List of Illustrations

Part 1: Reflections

The Global Commons: Deep Sea, Outer Space and Beyond
Usha Natarajan

The Right to a Clean, Healthy and Sustainable Environment and the Triple Planetary Crisis: Reflections for Ocean Governance
Sara L. Seck

Commentary—A High Seas Treaty on the Horizon: Progress and Prospects for the Intergovernmental Conference
Glen Wright, Klaudija Cremers and Julien Rochette

Part 2: Climate Change

Capacity-building for Coastal Climate Change Adaptation and Resilience in the Pacific Islands
Prerna Chand, Leigh-Ann Buliruarua and Cherie Morris

Can the World’s Biggest Climate Change Case Help to Save the Ocean?
Melinda Janki

Part 3: The Law of the Sea and Ocean Governance

Canada’s Response to Mi’kmaq Aboriginal and Treaty Fishing Rights: Reconciliation or Legal Colonial Oppression?
Rosalie Francis

AUKUS: The Regulation of the Ocean and the Legal Dangers of Working Together
Simon McKenzie and Eve Massingham

Legal Aspects of the Kanal İstanbul from the Perspective of Its Unique Features
Hatice Kubra Ecemis Yilmaz

Sharing is Caring: Prominent Issues and Considerations Regarding the Equitable Distribution of Deep-sea Mining Proceeds
Klaas Willaert

Part 4: Marine Resource Management and Conservation

The Future of North Atlantic Right Whales and Fishing and Shipping Interactions
Sean Brillant

Particularly Sensitive Sea Areas and Transboundary Waters: An Examination of Bilateral Management of the Salish Sea
Nikol Damato

China’s Battle against Marine Plastic Pollution at the Local Level: A Case Study of Sanya City, Hainan Province
Mandy Meng Fang

Harnessing Offshore Wind in Canada: The Regulatory Landscape for Offshore Wind Development and Lessons Learned from the United Kingdom, Denmark, and the United States
Leah M. Robertson, Matthew J. Dorreen and Mohammad Ali Raza

Part 5: Polar Ocean Governance

Under the Arctic Ice: Climate Futurism, Inuit Sovereignty, and Deep Seabed Mining in the Just Transition
Charlotte Connolly

Marine Spatial Planning in Canadian Arctic Shipping Governance: Exploring Its Application in the Northern Low-impact Shipping Corridors Initiative
Weishan Wang

Part 6: Shipping and Maritime Security

Safer Ships and Cleaner Seas: Reducing Vessel Risks through Targeted Inspections and Recognized Organization Oversight
Mary R. Brooks, CM

The Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 and the ILO Decent Work Agenda: A Work in Progress
Laura Carballo Piñeiro

Environmental Policy Frameworks for Ports: In Search of a Gold Standard
Meinhard Doelle, Tafsir Johansson and Aspasia Pastra and Andrew Baskin

The Status and Use of Hospital Ships in Times of Peace and War: Law of the Sea, Maritime Law and the Law of Naval Warfare
Wolff Heintschel von Heinegg

Legal, Ethical and Industry Issues and Developments regarding Maritime Autonomous Surface Ships
Marel Katsivela

Part 7: Book Reviews

Richard Barnes and Ronán Long, eds., Frontiers in International Environmental Law: Oceans and Climate Challenges—Essays in Honour of David Freestone
Sumudu Atapattu, Ph.D.
Irus Braverman, ed., Laws of the Sea: Interdisciplinary Currents
Michelle E. Portman, Ph.D.
Sabine Christiansen, Duncan Currie, Kate Houghton, Alexander Müller, Manuel Rivera, Oscar Schmidt, Prue Taylor and Sebastian Unger, Towards a Contemporary Vision for the Global Seafloor: Implementing the Common Heritage of Mankind
Tirza Meyer, Ph.D.
Erica Cirino, Thicker Than Water: The Quest for Solutions to the Plastic Crisis
Tony R. Walker, MPhil., Ph.D.
Joanna Dingwall, International Law and Corporate Actors in Deep Seabed Mining
Keith MacMaster, LLM
Ryan Tucker Jones, Red Leviathan: The Secret History of Soviet Whaling
Randall Reeves, Ph.D.
Xuexia Liao, The Continental Shelf Beyond 200 Nautical Miles: Toward a Common Approach to Maritime Boundary-Making
Jay L. Batongbacal, JSD
L. Jane McMillan, Truth and Conviction: Donald Marshall Jr. and the Mi’kmaw Quest for Justice
Megan Bailey, Ph.D.
Iva Parlov, Coastal State Jurisdiction over Ships in Need of Assistance, Maritime Casualties and Shipwrecks
Nicholas Gaskell
Rozemarijn J. Roland Holst, Change in the Law of the Sea: Context, Mechanisms and Practice
Alexandre Pereira da Silva, Ph.D.
Donald R. Rothwell, Islands and International Law
Clive R. Symmons, Ph.D.
Nicholas P. Sullivan, The Blue Revolution: Hunting, Harvesting, and Farming Seafood in the Information Age
Andrés M. Cisneros-Montemayor, Ph.D.
Rashid Sumaila, Infinity Fish: Economics and the Future of Fish and Fisheries
Anthony Charles, Ph.D.
Michael Tsimplis, Environmental Norms in Maritime Law
Henrik Ringbom, Ph.D.
David L. VanderZwaag, Nilüfer Oral and Tim Stephens, eds., Research Handbook on Ocean Acidification Law and Policy
Robin Kundis Craig, Ph.D.
Keyuan Zou and Anastasia Telesetsky, eds., Marine Scientific Research, New Marine Technologies and the Law of the Sea
Hilde Woker, Ph.D.


Annual Report of the International Ocean Institute

Report of the International Ocean Institute, 2021

Selected Documents and Proceedings

Oceans and the Law of the Sea Report of the Secretary-General, 2022

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

Report of the Thirty-Second Meeting of States Parties, June 13–17, 2022

Report on the Work of the United Nations Open-ended Informal Consultative Process on Oceans and the Law of the Sea at Its Twenty-Second Meeting, June 6–10, 2022

Final Act and the Convention on the International Organization for Marine Aids to Navigation
All those interested in ocean and coastal governance.
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