Although there are many studies of second Temple Judaism (in general) and of Christianity's relationship with Judaism (in particular), there has not been a sustained and comprehensive investigation of the way in which Christ-devotion in the first two centuries of the common era represents a manifestation of Jewish monotheism.
This volume fills this gap in four distinctive ways: (1) by re-examining the theological force of "monotheism" during the Second Temple period; (2) by retracing the historical steps of Christianity's adaptation / mutation / re-definition of Jewish monotheism; (3) by exploring and debating the influence of non-Jewish traditions on this process; and (4) by mapping the ways in which Christianity's unique appropriation of Jewish monotheism helps explain the intriguing relationships among emerging Christian, Jewish and Gnostic communities.
In particular, the eighteen essays demonstrate how the creation mythic of narratives, the revelatory power of mystical experiences, and the sociology of community formation capitalized on the Jewish meditoral tradition to encourage and legitimate the Christian praxis of Christ-devotion.
Carey C. Newman, Ph.D. (1989) in Philosophy of Religion, Baylor University, Waco, Texas, is Director of the Institute for the Study of Christian Origins and Editor, Academic Books, Westminster John Knox Press. His publications include
Jesus and the Restoration of Israel: A Critical Assessment with Responses of N. T. Wright’s Jesus and the Victory of God (IVP, 1999) and
Paul's Glory-Christology: Tradition and Rhetoric (Brill, 1992).
James R. Davila, Ph.D. (1988) Harvard University, is a Lecturer in Early Jewish Studies at the Divinity School of the University of St. Andrews in Scotland. His dissertation, an edition of unpublished biblical scrolls from Qumran, has been published in revised form in volume 12 of the Discoveries in the Judean Desert series (Oxford: Clarendon, 1994).
Gladys S. Lewis, Ph.D. (1991) Oklahoma State University, is Associate Professor of English and American Literature at the University of Central Oklahoma. Her latest book is
Message, Messenger, and Response: Puritan Forms and Cultural Reformation in Harriet Beecher Stowe's UNCLE TOM'S CABIN (University Press of America,1994).