Henryk Grossman Works, Volume 4

Writings on Economic and Social History

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The pioneering and still relevant Marxist studies of the transition from feudalism to capitalism in this collection are, with one exception, published in English here for the first time. Before his better-known work on Marx’s theories, Henryk Grossman wrote about the economic history of Galicia, the Polish province annexed by the Habsburgs, drawing on very extensive primary research. His later, devastating critique of Weber argument about Protestantism and the rise of capitalism is also included in this volume.

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Henryk Grossman (1881-1950) was the preeminent Marxist economist of the twentieth century. He was the founding theoretician and secretary of the Jewish Socialist Party of Galicia; a professor at the Free University of Poland; then, as a member of the Institute for Social Research, at the University of Frankfurt; and later at the University of Leipzig.

Rick Kuhn is a member of Socialist Alternative in Australia. In addition to numerous other publications, he wrote the Deutscher Prize winning biography Henryk Grossman and the Recovery of Marxism, co-authored Labor's Conflict: Big Business, Workers and the Politics of Class and edited Class and Struggle in Australia.
Acknowledgements

Introduction
Rick Kuhn

1 The Area of Galicia After Its Occupation by Austria

2 The Industry and Trade Policies for Galicia of Maria Theresia’s and Joseph II’s Governments, 1772–90 (A Lecture at the Fifth Congress of Polish Lawyers and Economists)

3 Official Statistics of Galicia’s Foreign Trade to 1792

Austria’s Trade Policy, with Reference to Galicia during the Reform Period 1772 to 1790



Preface

Introduction

Part 1 The Relationship with the German-Slav Hereditary Lands of the Monarchy, 1772–76
1 The Provisional Form of the Customs System, 1772–73

2 The Reform of Old Polish Legislation, 1774

3 Special Privileges Granted to Improve Galician Trade, 1773–75

4 Plans for a New System of Regulating Galicia’s Relationship with the Hereditary Lands, 1775–76


Part 2 Galicia’s Relationship with Poland, 1772–90
5 The Significance of the Vistula Trade Route to Gdańsk for Galicia

6 Attempts to Conclude a Trade Treaty with Poland

7 The Trade Treaty of 15 March 1775. Its Ratification. The Tariff of 1 October 1776

8 Supplementary Provisions

9 The Implementation of the Treaty. An episode of Tariff War. The Extent of Austrian-Polish Trade Relations


Part 3 Galicia’s Relationship with the Hereditary Lands and Hungary, 1776–84
10 The ‘Provisional’ Tariff of 28 December 1776

11 The Galician Tariff of 3 January 1778

12 The Struggle over Brody’s Privileges, 1778–79

13 Livestock Export Policy and the Organisation of the Cattle Trade 1772–90


Part 4 The Austro-Prussian Relationship and the Struggle for Supremacy in Germany between 1772 and 1790
14 The Economic Background to the Antagonism between Austria and Prussia

15 Prussian Policy on Trade between Galicia and Silesia

16 Prussian Policy on Trade between Galicia and Gdańsk

17 Austria’s Attitude to Prussia. The Period under Maria Theresia, 1773–80

18 Continuation. The Period of Joseph II, 1780–90


Part 5 Galicia’s Relationship with the Hereditary Lands and Hungary, 1784–90
19 The Tariff Reform of 1784

20 The Extension of the Reform


Part 6 Galicia’s Trade Relations with the South and the South-East, 1772–90
21 The Effort to Open New Export Routes through Trieste

22 Trade with Turkey and to the Black Sea. The Trade Treaty of 1 November 1785 with Russia

Final Observations


Appendices
Appendix 1, to page 102: Some Remarks on the Relationship between the State and the Nobility

Appendix 2, to page 111: Joseph II’s Economic Policy in Hungary

Appendix 3, to page 282: The Tariff of 2 January 1778

Appendix 4, to page 289: The Promotion of Linen Exports

Appendix 5, to page 295: The Official Language


The Beginnings of Capitalism and the New Mass Morality

References
Index
Marxists, early modern historians, historians of religion
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